Handbook for Overseas Indian - MOIA - CII - [PDF Document] (2024)

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Ministry of OverseasIndian Affairs

FOR OVERSEAS INDIANSHANDBOOK

R; t rl eso ; s

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HANDBOOKFOR

OVERSEAS INDIANS

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This book has been compiled/summarised from information available in official documents/circulars/websites of the Govt. of India, RBI, information received from various States and other reliable sources.Every possible care has been taken to provide current and authentic information. This Handbook forOverseas Indians is intended to serve as a guide to them and does not purport to be a legal document. Incase of any variation between what has been stated in this Handbook and the relevant Act, Rules,Regulations, Policy Statements etc., the latter shall prevail.

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FOREWORD

I am glad to introduce this book "Handbook for Overseas

Indians". This book will offer a picture of investment

opportunities and entrepreneurial activities in India.

I am sure this Handbook will facilitate greater understanding of

the environs and help Overseas Indians to work, invest and

flourish in their own country.

(VAYALAR RAVI)

Minister of Overseas Indian Affairs

Vayalar Ravi Ministry of OverseasIndian Affairs

lR;eso t;rs

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PREFACE

An important service that the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs

is striving to extend to the Overseas Indians is that of investment

services to enable potential Overseas Indian Investors to benefit

from India�s rapidly growing economy. As a first step we are

bringing out this Handbook for Overseas Indians in which we

have attempted to compile the relevant information which an

Overseas Indian may require in his initial efforts to establish his

business ties with India. The Handbook contains the latest

information and has been updated till November 2006 by bringing

important but otherwise scattered information from the latest

press notes, RBI master circulars, Economic Survey, FDI, Foreign

Direct Investment Policy, Manual of DIPP, etc. at one place.

The language of the book has been simplified by summarizing

the technicalities and details of rules for the comprehension of

the general Overseas Indian. Any person who would like to go

into detail on the topics included in the Handbook may like to

read this book along with the Compendium on Policies,

Incentives and Opportunities for Overseas Indians which is also

being published by the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs

(MOIA) alongwith the Handbook.We would welcome suggestions

for improving this book in the next edition.

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ABOUT THE MINISTRY

The Indian Diaspora constitutes a significant economic, social and cultural force in the world.Overseas Indians estimated at over twenty million are spread across 110 countries. Their industry,enterprise, economic strength, education and professional skills are widely recognised. Thebond which holds this vast and diverse overseas Indian community together with India isIndianness. The creation of the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs (MOIA) acknowledges thefact that the welfare of Overseas Indians needs mainstream attention. The mission of the Ministryis to promote, nurture and sustain a mutually beneficial and symbiotic relationship betweenIndia and its diaspora.

The heterogeneous Indian diaspora spread across eight major regions of the world is aproduct of different waves of migration over hundreds of years and have distinctexpectations from the home country. In facilitating the process of engagement the Ministryseeks to provide for this wide range of roles and expectations.

The ministry also recognizes that the various States are important players in our Unionof States. Equally, they are central to sustainable and mutually beneficial engagementbetween India and its diaspora. It must be recognized that any initiative that OverseasIndians, individually or collectively, take must be anchored in one of the States. The Statesare therefore encouraged to develop a stake in the entire process of engagement with thediaspora and become natural stakeholder partners.

The Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs is a young ministry. Initially established in May2004 as the Ministry of Non-Resident Indian Affairs� it was renamed as �Ministry ofOverseas Indian Affairs� (MOIA) in September 2004. The emigration division ofthe Ministry of Labour and Employment was attached to the new Ministry inDecember 2004. The NRI division of the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) providessupport to the MOIA and now functions as the Diaspora division in the Ministry.

The Ministry is headed by a cabinet minister and is organized into four functional servicedivisions: Diaspora Services, Financial Services, Employment Services, and Social Services. Asmall team of eleven officers (Deputy Secretary and above) is working in the Ministry in adelayered and multi-task mode.

The Protector General of Emigrants administers the Emigration Act, 1983. He oversees theeight field offices of the protectors of emigrants located at Chandigarh, Chennai, Cochin, Delhi,Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai and Thiruvananthapuram.

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INDEX

PARTICULARS

Definitions

1. Introduction 1

1.1 Overview of India�s Economy 3

1.2 Business Environment in India 5

1.3 Incentives and Concessions for NRIs/OIs 6

2. FDI/NRI Investment in India 9

2.1 Policy on FDI/NRI Investment 11

2.2 Procedures 12

2.3 Entry Options for Investors 16

2.4 Special Economic Zones (SEZs) 19

2.5 Business Opportunities in various States 25

3. Tax Incentives for NRIs 33

4. Other Investment Opportunities in India 39

4.1 Shares and Securities 41

4.2 Loans & Overdrafts 43

4.3 Immovable Property 45

4.4 Remittance Facilities for NRIs/PIOs 47

4.5 Philanthropy by NGOs 48

5. Other Important Matters 53

5.1 Overseas Citizenship of India 55

5.2 PIO Card 61

5.3 Other Important Schemes of the Ministry 67

5.4 Baggage Rules & Visa Rules 71

5.5 Frequently Asked Questions 76

5.6 List of Important Websites 81

Contact details 83

Annexures 85

Annexures I-VIII 87-106

Feedback Form 107

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DEFINITIONS

Who is an Overseas Citizen of India (OCI)?

A foreign national, who was eligible to become a citizen of India on 26.01.1950 or was a citizen of

India on or at any time after 26.01.1950 or belonged to a territory that became part of India after

15.08.1947 and his/her children and grand children, is eligible for registration as an Overseas

Citizen of India (OCI). Minor children of such person are also eligible for OCI. However, if

the applicant had ever been a citizen of Pakistan or Bangladesh he/she will not be eligible for

OCI.

Who is a Non Resident Indian?

Section 2 of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (FEMA) deals with various

definitions. It defines a person resident in India and a person resident outside India. However,

it does not define the term non-resident nor it does define the term Non Resident Indian

(NRI).

However, Notification No. 5/2000-RB (dealing with various kinds of Bank Accounts) defines

the term Non Resident Indian (NRI) to mean a person resident outside India who is either a

citizen of India or is a person of Indian origin. In short, the definition of the term NRI is

contextual and can have slightly different connotations for FEMA/Income Tax/Acquisition

of Immovable Property etc.

Who is a person resident in India?

Under the FEMA, a person resident in India means a person residing in India for more than 182

days during the course of the preceding financial year and who has come to or stays in India

either for taking up employment, carrying on business or vocation in India or for any other

purpose, that would indicate his intention to stay in India for an uncertain period. In other

words, to be treated as �a person resident in India� under FEMA a person has not only to satisfy

the condition of the period of stay (being more than 182 days during the course of the preceding

financial year) but has to comply with the condition of purpose/ intention of stay.(For details

see FEMA, 1999).

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DETERMINATION OF RESIDENTIAL STATUS OF AN ASSESSEE UNDER THE INCOME TAX ACT

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Who is a Person of Indian Origin (PIO)?

1. For the purposes of availing of the facilities of opening and maintenance ofbank accounts and investments in shares/securities in India;

Person of Indian Origin means any person:

a) who at any time, held an Indian passport; or

b) he/she or either of his/her parents or his/her grandparents was a citizen of India by virtueof the Constitution of India or the Citizenship Act, 1955(57 of 1955) or

c) the person is a spouse of an Indian citizen or a person referred to in clause (a) or (b) above.

2. For investment in immovable properties;

Person of Indian Origin means an individual (not being a citizen of Pakistan or Bangladesh orAfghanistan or Bhutan or Sri Lanka or Nepal or China or Iran):

a) who at any time, held an Indian passport or

b) who or either of whose father or whose grandfather was a citizen of India by virtue of theConstitution of India or the Citizenship Act, 1955(57 of 1955)

3. For the purpose of PIO card scheme;

A foreign citizen if he/she at any time held an Indian Passport; or he/she or either of his/her parentsor grand parents or great grand parents was born in and permanently resident in India as defined in theGovernment of India Act,1935 or his/her spouse (for details, see Chapter 5 on PIOs).

What is an Overseas Corporate Body (OCB)?

Prior to deletion of OCB as a class of investors with effect from September 16, 2003 the term �OverseasCorporate Body� was defined as a company, partnership firm, society and other corporate body whollyowned, directly or indirectly, to the extent of at least sixty percent by Non-Resident Indians and includedoverseas trusts in which not less than sixty percent beneficial interest is held by Non-Resident Indians,directly or indirectly but irrevocably.

However, OCBs which had prior to September, 16, 2003 availed of investment facilities under variousschemes have general permission to continue to hold/transfer/gift (to Non Resident Indians/Residents

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in India) their existing investments in shares/convertible debentures/securities of Indian companies.Indian companies can allot bonus shares accruing to the OCBs. Those which are incorporated in the hostcountry and are not under adverse notice of RBI may be considered, for undertaking fresh investments,as incorporated non-resident entities by RBI/Government on case by case basis.

BANK ACCOUNTS

NRIs/PIOs are permitted to open bank accounts in India out of funds remitted from abroad, foreignexchange brought in from abroad or out of funds legitimately due to them in India.

Such accounts can be opened with banks specially authorised by the Reserve Bank in this behalf[Authorised Dealers].

There are three types of Non-Resident accounts:

RUPEE ACCOUNTS

1) Non- Resident (External) Rupee Accounts (NRE Accounts)

NRIs and PIOs are eligible to open NRE Accounts. These are rupee denominated accounts. Accountscan be in the form of savings, current, recurring or fixed deposit accounts. Accounts can be opened byremittance of funds in free foreign exchange. Foreign exchange brought in legally, repatriable incomes ofthe account holder, etc. can be credited to the account. Joint operation with other NRIs/PIOs is permitted.Power of attorney can be granted to residents for operation of accounts for limited purposes.

The deposits can be used for all legitimate purposes. The balance in the account is freely repatriable.Interest lying to the credit of NRE accounts is exempt from tax in the hands of the NRI.

Funds held in NRE accounts may be freely transferred to Foreign Currency Non Resident (FCNR) accountsof the same account holder. Likewise, funds held in FCNR accounts may be transferred to NRE accountsof the same account holder.

2) Ordinary Non-Resident Account (NRO Accounts )

These are Rupee dominated non-repatriable accounts and can be in the form of savings, current, recurringor fixed deposits. These accounts can be opened jointly with residents in India. When an Indian National/PIO resident in India leaves for taking up employment etc. outside the country, other than Nepal orBhutan, his bank account in India gets designated as NRO account.

The deposits can be used to make all legitimate payments in rupees. Interest income from NRO accountsis taxable. Interest income, net of taxes is repatriable. Authorised dealers may allow remittances upto US$ 1 million, per calendar year, out of balances held in NRO account for any bonafide purpose.

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FOREIGN CURRENCY ACCOUNTS

3) Foreign Currency Non Resident (Bank) Accounts (FCNR (B) Accounts)

NRIs/PIOs are permitted to open such accounts in US dollars, Sterling Pounds, Japanese Yen, Euro,Canadian Dollars and Australian Dollars. The accounts may be opened in the form of term depositfor any of the three maturity periods viz; (a) one year and above but less then two years (b) two yearsand above but less then three years and (c) three years only. Now RBI has allowed banks to acceptFCNR (B) deposits upto maximum maturity period of five years.

Interest income is tax free in the hands of the NRI until he maintains a non-resident status or aresident but not ordinarily resident status under the Indian tax laws.

FCNR (B) accounts can also be utilised for local disbursem*nt including payment for exports fromIndia, repatriation of funds abroad and for making investments in India, as per foreign investmentguidelines.

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CHAPTER - 1INTRODUCTION

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3Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs

1.1 OVERVIEW OF INDIA�S ECONOMY

India: Accelerating Growth

(Simple average of rates of growth of GDP in the preceding ten years)

India is the largest democracy and 4th largest economy (in terms of purchase power parity) in the world. Indiais also the tenth most industrialized country in the world. With its consistent growth performance and abundanthigh-skilled manpower, India provides enormous opportunities for investment, both domestic and foreign.

Major reform initiatives have been taken since 1991, in the fields of investment, trade, financial sector,exchange control simplification of procedures, enactment of competition and amendments in the intellectualproperty right laws, etc.

INTRODUCTION

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BASIC ECONOMIC STATISTICSGDP at current prices (2004-2005) 2843.9 (Rs Thousand Crore)

GDP growth rate : 2004-05 6.9%

Exchange Rate Rs. 44.25/ $ (Average Exchange Rate for April 05-January 06)

Foreign Exchange Reserves US $ 140.6 billion (as on July 29, 2005)

Exports 2004-05 US $ 82.15 billion, Growth Rate : 23.9%

Imports 2004-05 US $ 118.78 billion, Growth Rate : 48.5%

Foreign Direct Investment 2004-05 US $ 5.6 billion

The service sector improved its performance significantly from 7.9% in 2002-03 to 9.1% in 2003-04. Thestrong performance of the capital goods sector coupled with increased imports of capital goods also augurswell for domestic capacity expansion in a large number of industries. The present trend indicates a positiveoutlook for industrial growth due to improved capacity utilization, improved industrial climate, expandingexternal and domestic demand and ease in availability of credit.

The strong and positive outlook of both foreign and domestic investors indicates that India is ready for a bigpush as the growing interest of foreign investors is coinciding with the rising confidence of domestic privateinvestors. The increasing efficiency and competitiveness of domestic producers, liberalized trade, andderegulated interest rate regime are critical contributors to both growth acceleration and macro economicstability.

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1.2 BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT IN INDIAA number of studies in the recent past have highlighted the growing attractiveness of India as an investmentdestination. According to the study �Dreaming with BRICS� by Goldman Sachs, Indian economy is expectedto continue growing at the rate of 5% or more till 2050. Some of these conclusions are listed below:

P 2nd most attractive destination - A.T. Kearney Business Confidence Index, 2005

P 2nd most attractive investment destination among Transnational Corporations �UNCTAD�s �WorldInvestment Report, 2005�

P Most attractive location for �offshoring� of service activities � A. T. Kearney Global ServiceLocation Index 2005

Government has put in place a liberal, transparent and investor friendly Foreign Direct Investment policy(FDI), wherein FDI upto 100% is allowed under automatic route for most of the sectors/activities, wherethe investor does not require any prior approval. Only notification to the Reserve Bank of India within 30days of inward remittance or issue of shares to non-residents is required. Cases requiring prior Governmentapproval are considered by the Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) in a time bound and transparentmanner. The FDI policy in India is considered as one of the most liberal, with very few barriers.

INTRODUCTION

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1.3 LIBERALIZED POLICY FRAMEWORK FOR INVESTMENT BYNON-RESIDENT INDIANS

The Government attaches importance to investments by NRIs. Government has provided a liberalized policyframework for approval of NRI investments through both the automatic and the Government route. NRIsare permitted to invest upto 100% equity in the Real Estate and Civil Aviation sectors. Automatic approvalis given by the RBI to all NRI proposals with their investment upto 100% for all items/activities (Annexures3,4,5) except a few exceptions mentioned in Press Note 2 (2000 series) read with sector specific guidelines.Government approval is required for all proposals not qualifying under the Automatic Route.

Proposals for conversion of NRI investment into repatriable equity are hitherto being considered by theFIPB for approval. This procedure has been reviewed in the context of various liberalization measures takenby the Government in the recent past. It is clarified that in terms of Press Note 4 (2001 series), all proposalswould qualify for conversion of non-repatriable equity into repatriable equity under the automatic routeprovided:

P The original investment by the NRI was made in foreign exchange under the FDI Scheme

P The sector/activity in which the investment is proposed to be converted into repatriable equity ison the automatic route for FDI.

Major initiatives/incentives for NRIs and Foreign Direct Investment

The government took several steps in the current year in the area of foreign direct investment (FDI) in futurepursuit of its already committed path of policy transparency and liberalization in FDI. FDI up to 100 percent is now permitted on the automatic route in all sectors/activities except: (a) activities requiring industriallicense under the Industries Development and Regulation Act,(b) proposals where the foreign investor hadan existing joint venture/technical collaboration /trademark agreement in the same field of activity,(c) proposal for acquisition of shares in an Indian company in the financial services sector & where SEBI(Substantial Acquisition of Shares and Takeovers) Regulation, 1997 is attracted and (d) all proposals fallingoutside notified sectoral policy /caps or under sectors in which FDI is not permitted. Some of the specificmeasures, which have been taken are as follows:

v FDI cap in the domestic airlines sector has been enhanced from 40 per cent to 49 per cent andNRI investment is permitted up to100 per cent with no direct or indirect equity participation bythe foreign airlines.

v FDI up to 100 per cent under the automatic route is now permitted for development of township,housing, built up infrastructure and construction development projects. The minimum arearequirement has been reduced to 10 hectares for serviced housing plots and 50,000 square metersbuilt up area for construction-development projects. For investment by NRIs, the conditions arenot applicable.

v FDI cap has been increased from 49 per cent to 74 per cent in basic and cellular telecom services.The revised cap includes both FDI and portfolio investment.

v FDI has been permitted in FM Radio Broadcasting up to a maximum of 20 per cent (which isinclusive of FDI, NRI, PIO and FII).

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v Guidelines for approval of foreign/ technical collaborations for project with existing joint venture/collaboration in the same field have been reviewed.

As a measure towards simplification of the existing procedures in FDI, the following activities have beenplaced on the general permission route of RBI:

v Transfer of shares in an existing Indian company from residents to non residents and vice-versa(except in the financial sector and where SEBI takeover code is attracted);

v Conversion of ECB/loan into equity, provided the activity is covered under the automatic routeand the foreign equity after such conversion falls within the sectoral cap;

v Conversion of preference shares into equity provided the increase in foreign equity participatedis within the sectoral cap and the activity is the automatic route; and

v Conversion of non-repatriable equity invested by NRIs in foreign exchange into repatriable equityallowed under the automatic route provided the original investment was made in foreign exchangeunder the FDI scheme notified under the FEMA regulation and the sector/activity is which theinvestment is proposed to be converted into repatriable equity is on the automatic route for FDI.

INTRODUCTION

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CHAPTER - 2FDI/NRI INVESTMENT IN INDIA

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11Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs

FDI/NRI INVESTMENT IN INDIA

2.1 POLICY ON FDI/NRI INVESTMENT

India has among the most liberal and transparent policies on FDI among the emerging economies. FDI up to100% is allowed under the automatic route in all activities/ sectors (Annexures III,IV,V) except the followingthat require prior approval of the Government:

1. Activities/items that require an Industrial license (Annexure VI).

2. Proposals in which the foreign collaborator has an existing financial / technical collaboration inIndia in the �same� field (Press Note no. 1 of 2005 series),

3. Proposals for acquisition of shares in an existing Indian Company in:

P Financial Services Sector and

P Where Securities & Exchange Board of India (Substantial Acquisition of Shares andTakeovers) Regulation, 1997 is attracted;

4. All proposals falling outside notified sectoral policies/caps or under sectors in which FDI is notpermitted. (Refer Annexure II )

FDI policy is reviewed on an on going basis and changes in sectoral policy /sectoral equity cap are notifiedthrough Press Notes by the Secretariat for Industrial Assistance (SIA), Department of Industrial Policy andPromotion. All Press Notes are available at the Website (www.dipp.gov.in). Reserve Bank of India (RBI)under Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) also notifies FDI policy. Please refer to RBI website(www.rbi.org.in).

PROHIBITED SECTORSThe extant policy does not permit FDI in the following cases;

1. Gambling and Betting

2. Lottery Business

3. Atomic Energy

4. Retail Trading

5. Agricultural or plantation activities or Agriculture (excluding Floriculture, Horticulture,Development of Seeds, Animal Husbandry, Pisciculture and Cultivation of Vegetables,Mushrooms etc. under controlled conditions and services related to agro and allied sectors) andPlantations (other than Tea plantations)

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2.2 PROCEDURES

PROCEDURE UNDER AUTOMATIC ROUTE

FDI in sector/ activities to the extent permitted under automatic route does not require any prior approvaleither by Government of India or RBI. The investors are only required to notify the Regional office concernedof RBI within 30 days of receipt of inward remittances and file the required documents with that officewithin 30 days of issue of shares to foreign investors.

PROCEDURE UNDER GOVERNMENT APPROVAL

FDI in activities not covered under the automatic route requires prior Government approval and are consideredby the Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB). Approvals of composite proposals involving foreigninvestment / foreign technical collaboration are also granted on the recommendations of the FIPB.

Such applications for FDI cases, except Non-Resident Indian (NRI) investments and 100% Export OrientedUnits (EOUs), should be submitted to the FIPB Unit, Department of Economic Affairs (DEA), Ministry ofFinance.

Applications for NRI and 100% EOU cases should be presented to SIA in Department of Industrial Policyand Promotion.

Applications can also be submitted with Indian Missions abroad who forward them to the Department ofEconomic Affairs for further processing.

Applications can be made in Form FC-IL which can be downloaded from www.dipp.gov.in. Plain paperapplications carrying all relevant details are also accepted. No fee is payable.

GENERAL PERMISSION OF RBI UNDER FEMA

Indian companies having foreign investment approval through FIPB route do not require any further clearancefrom RBI for receiving inward remittance and issue of shares to the foreign investors. The companies arerequired to notify the concerned regional office of the RBI of receipt of inward remittances within 30 daysof such receipt and within 30 days of issue of shares to the foreign investors or NRIs.

GENERAL PERMISSION TO NRIs/PIOs

The Reserve Bank has granted general permission to NRIs/PIOs for undertaking direct investment in IndianCompanies under the automatic route, purchase of shares under Portfolio Investment Schemes, investmentin companies and proprietorship/ partnership concerns on non-repatriation basis and for remittances ofcurrent income. NRIs/PIOs do not have to seek specific permission for approved activities under theseschemes.

The Reserve Bank of India has now further simplified financial transactions by NRIs/PIOs by grantinggeneral permissions to:

1. Resident individuals, partnership/proprietorship concerns to avail of interest bearing rupee loans fromNRIs/PIOs out of funds remitted by them from abroad or out of funds held in their bank accounts in

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FDI/NRI INVESTMENT IN INDIA

India, on non � repatriation basis, subject to certain conditions; one of them being that the rate ofinterest on such loans should not exceed Bank Rate plus two percentage points.

2. NRIs/PIOs to transfer by way of gift shares held by them in Indian companies and to transfer by wayof gift immovable property held by them in India subject to compliance with other applicable rules/regulations including the provisions of Foreign Contribution Regulations Act, 1976 by the charitabletrust/organisation concerned.

3. All domestic public/private sector mutual funds for issue of units to NRIs/PIOs on both repatriationand non repatriation basis.

4. NRIs/PIOs to place deposits with Indian firms, on non-repatriation basis and with Indian companieson non-repatriation basis out of domestic sources.

5. NRIs/PIOs for sale of shares acquired under direct investment Schemes on stock exchanges in India.

6. NRIs/PIOs for transfer of shares, by way of sale under private arrangement to another NRI or to aresident.

7. RBI permission is not required for drawal of foreign exchange for purchase of trade marks or franchisein India.

8. NRIs/PIOs may remit the sale proceeds of immovable property without the lock in period of 10 yearssubject to maximum of 1 million USD per calendar year.

NRIs/PIOs have been granted general permission to invest in Government Securities and Treasury Bills.

Taking into account the facilities that are already available, and the above new measures, NRIs/PIOs willnot have to seek specific permission of Reserve Bank for a whole variety of approved financial/investmenttransactions. This should considerably reduce paper work and time taken for undertaking such transactions.

DIRECT INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES

NRIs can invest in India as under:

1. Investment under Automatic Route with repatriation benefits

2. Investment with Government approval

3. Other Investments with repatriation benefits

4. Investments upto 100% equity without repatriation benefits

5. Other Investments by NRIs without repatriation benefits.

1. AUTOMATIC ROUTE OF RBI WITH REPATRIATION BENEFITS

NRIs can invest in shares/convertible debentures of Indian companies under the Automatic Route withoutobtaining Government or RBI permission except for a few sectors where FIPB permission is necessary, orwhere the investment can be made only upto a certain percentage of paid up capital.

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For full details of the Automatic Route, investors may see website of Department of Industrial Policy &Promotion.

2. INVESTMENT WITH GOVERNMENT APPROVAL

Investment not eligible under the Automatic Route, are considered by the Foreign Investment PromotionBoard (FIPB), a high Powered inter-ministerial body under the chairmanship of Secretary, Department ofEconomic Affairs, subject to sectoral limits/norms. These investments also enjoy full repatriation benefits

3. OTHER INVESTMENTS WITH REPATRIATION BENEFITS

1. Investment in units of domestic mutual funds

2. Investment in bonds issued by public sectorundertakings

3. Purchase of Shares of Public sector enterprisesbeing disinvested by GOI.

4. Investment in government dated securities(other than bearer securities) or Treasury Bills

4. INVESTMENTS UPTO 100% EQUITY WITHOUT REPATRIATION BENEFITS

1. Capital contribution to anyproprietary or partnershipconcern

2. New issues of shares/debentures of Indiancompanies

5. OTHER INVESTMENTS BY NRIs WITHOUT REPATRIATION BENEFITS.(i) Investment in Non Convertible Debentures

(ii) Money Market Mutual Funds

(iii) Deposits with companies

(iv) Commercial Papers

NRIs are permitted to invest in thesecutities with repatriation benefits.

NRIs can invest by way of capital contribution in any proprietary orpartnership concern in India provided the firm or the proprietaryconcern is not engaged in any agricultural/plantation activities orreal estate business or print media on non- repatriation basis subjectto certain conditions.

NRIs have been granted general permission to subscribe to the shares/convertible debentures of an Indian company on non- repatriationbasis, and to an Indian company to issue shares or convertibledebentures by way of new/rights/bonus to NRIs on non- repatriationbasis provided that the investee company is not engaged inagricultural/plantation activities or real estate business (excluding realestate development i.e., development of property or construction ofhouses ) or chit fund or is not a Nidhi Company.

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FDI/NRI INVESTMENT IN INDIA

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2.3 ENTRY OPTIONS FOR INVESTORS

ENTRY OPTIONS

A foreign company planning to set up business operations in India has the following options:

AS AN INCORPORATED ENTITY

By incorporating a company under the Companies Act, 1956 through

i Joint Ventures; or

ii Wholly Owned Subsidiaries

Foreign Equity in such Indian Companies can be up to 100% depending on the requirement of theinvestor, subject to any equity caps prescribed in respect of the area of activities under the ForeignDirect Investment (FDI) policy.

AS AN UNINCORPORATED ENTITY

i) As a foreign Company through

i. Liaison Office/Representative Office

ii. Project Office

iii. Branch Office

Such offices can undertake activities permitted under the Foreign Exchange Management (Establishmentin India of Branch or Office or other place of business) Regulations, 2000.

INCORPORATION OF A COMPANY

For registration and incorporation, an application has to be filed with the Registrar of Companies(ROC). Once a company has been duly registered and incorporated as an Indian Company, it is subjectto Indian Laws and regulations as applicable to other domestic Indian companies.

For details please visit the website of Ministry of Company Affairs at www.mca.gov.in.

LIAISON OFFICE/ REPRESENTATIVE OFFICE

The role of liaison office is limited to collecting information about possible market opportunities andproviding information about the company and its products to prospective Indian customers. It canpromote export/import from/to India and also facilitate technical/financial collaboration between parentcompany and companies in India. Liaison office can not undertake any commercial activity directly orindirectly and can not, therefore, earn any income in India. Approval for establishing a liaison office inIndia is granted by Reserve Bark of India (RBI).

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PROJECT OFFICE

Foreign Companies planning to execute specific projects in India can set up a temporary project /siteoffices in India. RBI has now granted a general permission to foreign entities to establish Project Officessubject to specified conditions. Such offices can not undertake or carry on any activity other thanactivity relating and incidental to execution of the project. Project offices may remit outside India thesurplus of the project on its completion, general permission for which has been granted by the RBI.

BRANCH OFFICE

Foreign companies engaged in manufacturing and trading activities abroad are allowed to set up BranchOffices in India for the following purposes:

a. Export/Import of goods

b. Rendering professional or consultancy services

c. Carrying out research work, in which the parent company is engaged.

d. Promoting technical or financial collaborations between Indian companies and parent or overseas groupcompany.

e. Representing the parent company in India and acting as buying/selling agents in India.

f. Rendering services in Information Technology and development of software in India.

g. Rendering technical support to the products supplied by the parent/ group companies.

h. Foreign airlines/shipping company

Branch Offices established with the approval of RBI, may remit outside India profit of the branch, net ofapplicable Indian taxes and subject to RBI guidelines. Permission for setting up branch offices is granted bythe Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

BRANCH OFFICE ON �STAND ALONE BASIS� IN SEZ

Such Branch Offices would be isolated and restricted to Special Economic Zone (SEZ) alone and no businessactivity/ transaction will be allowed outside the SEZs in India, which include branches/subsidiaries of itsparent office in India.

No approval shall be necessary from RBI for a company to establish a branch /unit in SEZs to undertakemanufacturing and service activities subject to the following conditions:

a. Such units are functioning in those sectors where 100% FDI is permitted.

b. Such units comply with part XI of the Companies Act(section 592 to 602)

c. Such units function on a stand alone basis,

d. In the event of winding up of business and for remittance of winding-up proceeds, the branch shallapproach an authorized dealer in foreign exchange with the document required as per FEMA.

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Procedure for Liaison office/Project office/Branch office

Application for setting up Liaison Office/ Project office / Branch Office may be submitted to ChiefGeneral Manager, Exchange Control Department (Foreign Investment Division), RBI Central Office,Mumbai-400 001, in the form FNC 1 (available at RBI website at www.rbi.org.in).

INVESTMENT IN A FIRM OR A PROPRIETARY CONCERN BY NRIS

A Non-Resident Indian or a Person of Indian Origin resident outside India may invest by way ofcontribution to the capital of a firm or a proprietary concern in India on a non-repatriation basisprovided,

i) Amount is invested by inward remittance or out of NRE/FCNR/NRO account maintained withAuthorised Dealer.

ii) The firm or proprietary concern is not engaged in any agricultural/plantation or real estate business i.e.dealing in land and immovable property with a view to earning profit or earning income there from.

iii) Amount invested shall not be eligible for repatriation outside India.

NRIs/PIOs may invest in sole proprietorship concerns/ partnership firms with repatriation benefits with theapproval of Department of Economic Affairs, Government of India/ RBI.

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2.4 SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES

A policy for setting up of Special Economic Zones in the country with a view to provide aninternationally competitive and hassle free environment for exports was introduced on 1.4.2000. SpecialEconomic Zone (SEZ) is a specifically delineated duty free enclave and shall be deemed to be foreignterritory for the purposes of trade operations and duties and tariffs. Goods and services going intoSEZ areas from Domestic Tariff Area (DTA) are treated as exports and goods coming from SEZ areainto DTA area are to be treated as if these are being imported. Special Economic Zones Act, 2005provides for the establishment, development and management of Special Economic Zones for thepromotion of exports and for the matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. The policy providesfor setting of SEZ�s in the public, private joint sector or by State Governments.

Distinguishing Features

Indian SEZ Act, 2005 has following distinguishing features:

1. The zones are proposed to setup by private sector or by State Govt. in association with Privatesector. Private sector is also invited to develop infrastructure facility in the existing SEZs.

2. State Govt. has a lead role in the setting up of SEZ.

3. A framework is being developed by creating special by creating special windows under existingrules and regulations of the Central Govt. and State Govt. for SEZ.

SETTING UP OF SEZ BY DEVELOPER

Setting up of SEZ in the Public, Private, Joint Sector or by the State Govt. :

With a view to augmenting infrastructure facilities for export production it has been decided to permitthe setting up of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) in the public, private, joint sector or by the StateGovt. The minimum size of the Special Economic Zone shall not be less than 1000 hectares. Minimumarea requirement shall, however, not be applicable to product specific and port/airport based SEZ.This measure is expected to promote self contained areas supported by world-class infrastructure orientedtowards export production. Any private /public/joint sector or State Govt. or its agencies can set upSpecial Economic Zone (SEZ)

Criteria for approval

Proposals for setting up SEZ in the Public/Private/Joint/State sector are required to meet the followingconditions:

(i) Minimum size of the SEZ shall not be less than 1000 hectares. This would however, not apply toexisting EPZs converting into SEZs as such or for notifying additional area as a part of such SEZ or toproduct specific port/airport based SEZs.

(ii) The SEZ and units therein shall abide by local laws, rules , regulations or bye-laws in regard to areaplanning, sewerage disposal, pollution control and the like . They shall also comply with industrial andlabour laws and such other laws /rules and regulations as may be locally applicable.

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(iii) Such SEZ shall make adequate arrangements to fulfill all the requirements of laws, rules andprocedures applicable to such SEZ.

(iv) Only units approved under the SEZ schemes would be permitted to be located in these SEZ.

(v) At least 25% area of the SEZ shall be used for developing industrial area for setting up such units.

How to apply

Applications (15 copies) indicating the name and address of the applicant, status of the promoter (whetherindividual/ private company/ State Govt. /NRIs etc.) along with a project report covering the followingparticulars shall be submitted to the Chief Secretary of the State:

i) Location of the proposed zone with details of the existing and proposed infrastructure,

ii) Area of the proposed SEZ and its area distance from the nearest Sea Port/ Airport/ Rail/ Road headetc.

iii) Financial details including investment proposed, mode of financing the project and viability of theproject.

iv) Details of foreign equity and repatriation of dividend etc., if any.

v) Whether the zone will allow only certain specific industries or will be a multinational zone or it is a port/airport based zone.

The State Govt. shall, forward it along with their commitment to the following , to the Department ofCommerce , Govt. of India.

The area incorporated in the proposed Special Economic Zone is free from environmental prohibition;Water and Electricity and other services would be provided as required;

Full exemption in electricity duty and tax on sale of electricity for self generated and purchase power;To allow generation, transmission and distribution of power within SEZ.

vi) Exemption from State Sales Tax, Octroi, Mandi tax, Turnover tax and taxes, duty, cess, levies on supplyof goods from Domestic Tariff Area to SEZ units;

vii) For units inside the Zone, the power under the Industrial Dispute Act and other related Act would bedelegated to the Development Commissioner.

viii) The Zone will be declared as a Public Utility Service under Industrial Dispute Act.

ix) Single point clearances system would be provided to the units in the Zone under State Laws/ Rules.

The proposal incorporating the commitments of the State Govt. shall be considered by the Board ofApproval (BOA) as notified vide notification No 14/ 1 / 2001-EPZ dated 7.8.2001.

On acceptance of the proposal by the Board of Approval , the Department of Commerce will issue aLetter of Permission to the applicant;

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Facilities and Incentives for Developers

v Developers of SEZ may import / procure goods without payment of duty for the development, operationand maintenance of SEZ.

v Income tax exemption for a block period of 10 year in 15 years at the option of developer as per Section80IAB of the Income Tax Act .

v Full freedom in allocation of developed plots to approved SEZ units on a purely commercial basis.

v Full authority to provide service like water, electricity, security , restaurants, recreation centers etc. oncommercial lines.

v Foreign investment permitted to develop township within the SEZ with residential area , market, playgrounds, clubs, recreation centers etc.

v Develop Standard Design Factory (SDF) building in existing SEZ.

v Income Tax Exemption to investor�s in SEZ�s under Section 10(23G) of Income Tax Act.

v Exemption from Service Tax

v Investment made by individuals etc. in SEZ company also eligible for exemption u/s 88 of the IncomeTax Act.

v Development promoted to transfer infrastructure facility for operation and maintenance u/s 80-IA ofthe Income Tax Act.

v Generation, Distribution and Transmission of Power in SEZs allowed.

SETTING UP OF SEZ ENTERPRISE

Facilities in Special Economic Zone

A new Special Economic Zone (SEZ) scheme has been introduced in the Export and Import policy from 1stApril 2000, with a view to provide an internationally competitive & hassle free environment for exportproduction.

INDIAN SEZ � Salient Features and Facilities

v A designated duty free enclave and to be treated as foreign territory for trade operations and duties andtariffs.

v No License required for import.

v Exemption from custom duty on import of capital goods, raw materials, consumable spares etc.

v Exemption from Central Excise duty on procurement of Capital goods, raw materials, consumablesspares etc. from the domestic market.

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v Supplies from DTA to SEZ units treated as deemed exports.

v Reimbursem*nt of Central Sales Tax paid on Domestic purchases.

v 100% income tax exemption for a block period of 5 years, 50% tax exemption for next five yearsu/s 10AA of the Income Tax Act.

v Carry forwarded of losses.

v 100% income tax exemption for 5 consecutive years & 50% for 5 years under section 80LA of theincome tax Act for off shore banking units

v Reimbursem*nt of duty paid on furnace oil, procured from domestic oil companies to SEZ units as perthe rate of drawback notified by the Directorate General of Foreign Trade.

v SEZ units may be for manufacturing, trading or service activity.

v SEZ unit to be positive net foreign net exchange earner within three years.

v Performance of the unit to be monitored by a committee headed by Development Commissioner andconsisting of Customs.

v 100% foreign direct investment in Manufacturing, sector allowed through automatic route barring a fewsectors.

v Facility to retain 100% foreign exchange receipts in EEFC a/c

v Facility to realize and repatriate export proceeds within 12 months

v Re-export imported goods found defective, goods imported from foreign supplier on loan basis etc.without G.R. Waiver under intimation to the Development Commissioner

v �Write off �of unrealized export bills up to 5%

v Commodity hedging by SEZ units permitted

v Capitalisation of import payables.

v No Cap on foreign investment for SSI reserved items

v Exemption from industrial licensing requirement for items reserved for SSI sectors

v Profits allowed to be repatriated freely without any dividend balancing requirement

How to apply

For setting up a unit in an SEZ, three copies of the application in the specified form may be submitted to theDevelopment Commissioner (DC) of the SEZ Concerned.

Proposals for setting up units in the SEZ other than those requiring Industrial Licence may be grantedapproval by Development Commissioner within 15 Days.

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Proposals for setting up units in the SEZ requiring Industrial Licence may be granted approval by theDevelopment Commissioner after clearance of the proposal by the SEZ Board of Approval and Departmentof Industrial Policy and Promotion within 45 Days.

Letter of permission (LOP) / Letter of Intent (LOI) issued to SEZ units by the Development Commissionerwould be construed as a licence for all purposes, including for procurement of raw material and consumableseither directly or through canalizing agency.

The LOP/LOI shall specify the items of manufacture/service activity, annual capacity, projected annualexport for the first years in dollar terms, Net Foreign Exchange Earning (NFE), limitations, if any, regardingsale of finished goods, by products and rejects in the DTA and such other matter as may be necessary andalso impose such conditions as may be required.

Terms and Conditions

SEZ units have to be a Positive Net Foreign Exchange Earner.

Performance of the unit will be monitored by a committee consisting of Development Commissioner of theZone and Customs.

Units shall maintain proper accounts and furnish details regarding value of import, export etc. to DevelopmentCommissioner on a quarterly basis.

Criteria to be Adopted for Automatic Approval of Units under EOU/SEZ Schemes

Approval of New Units

Proposals for setting up units under EOU/SEZ scheme under automatic route shall be considered by theUnit Approval Committee taking into account the following :-

(i) Residence proof in respect of individual/partnership firms of all Directors/ Partners. (Passport/ rationcard/ driving licence /voter identity card or any other proof to the satisfaction of DevelopmentCommissioner;

(ii) Income Tax return of all the promoters for the last three years;

(iii) Experience of the promoters;

(iv) Marketing tie-ups

(v) In case of EOUs, inspection of the project site by an officer

(vi) A report from other DCs as to whether any case under SEZ/EOU Schemes in regard to diversion ofgoods etc. is pending.

Whether necessary, the above may be verified through personal interview with the promoters of the project.In the event of the promoters being a well-established entity, the procedure of personal interview may bedispensed with.

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The Unit Approval Committee shall meet on Monday, every week. In case of the absence of theDevelopment Commissioner, the meeting will be held by the next senior officer in the Zone. The unitshall intimate the problems being faced by them in advance. In the meetings, apart from the promoters,the other concerned agency with which difficulties are being faced by the unit may also be called.

Recycling of ferrous and non-ferrous metal proposal will be considered only if the unit has Ingotsmaking facility and proposes to achieve value addition.

Sensitive Sectors

Care shall be taken by the Development Commissioner while approving projects in sensitive sectorssuch as yarn texturising unit, textile processing, pharmaceuticals/ drugs formulations/ recycling offerrous and non-ferrous metal scraps etc. Projects for setting up units in sensitive sectors under EOUschemes shall be approved by the Development Commissioner after personal verification of the Directorsand inspection of the factory site before signing LUT. Verification could also be carried out throughGeneral Manager, District Industries Centre or jurisdictional DY/ Assistant Commissioner of Excise/Customs.

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SI. NAME SINGLE WINDOW WEBSITE EMAIL: ID THRUST AREAS FOR INVESTMENTNO OF STATES AGENCY/FIRST

SINGLE POINTCONTACT

1 ANDHRA Commissioner of Industries aponline.gov.in. [emailprotected] Agro and Food processing, Pharmaceuticals andPRADESH Chirag Ali Lane, Abids, www.apind.gov.in Chemical, Biotechnology, Mining & Mineral, IT,

Hyderabad - 500 001 Electronic Hardware, Auto & Auto Components,Tel. No: +91 40 23441666, Steel Plants, Precision Machine Tools, Leather23441610. Fax: +91 40 23441611 & [emailprotected]

2 KARNATAKA KARNATAKA UDYOG MITRA www.kumba [emailprotected] Information Technology, Biotechnology,#49, Khanija Bhavan, 3rd Floor ngalore.com Pharmaceuticals, Engineering Automobiles & AutoRace Course Road components, Manufacturing, Maintenance, Repair& Bangalore-560 001 Overhaul services for Aerospace, Apparel,Phone: 080-22282392/ Contract Research / R&D, Oil Refining &5659/6632Fax: 080-22266063 Petrochemicals, Agro

& Food processing Steel & Metallurgy, Cement,Electronics & Telecommunications, PrecisionEngineering, Machine Tools, Floriculture,

Tourism and Infrastructure.

3 GUJARAT Industrial Extension Bureau www.indextb.com [emailprotected] Power, Port, Road, Information Technology, Agro,(iNDEXTb) Mineral, Tourism(A Government of GujaratOrganization)Block No. 18/2,Udyog BhavanGandhinagar 382 017,Gujarat, IndiaPhone: +91-79-232 56009/10/11,Fax: +91-79-232 21297

4 WEST BENGAL Director of Industries http://www. di-wb@hotmail. Petrochemicals and downstream industries,Government of West Bengal wbidc.com/ commvrao1111 Electronics & Information Technology, Iron &9th floor, New Secretariat @rediffmail.com Steel, Metallurgical and Engineering, Textiles,Buildings, KOLKATA-700 001 Leather & Leather Products,Phone:22480238 Fax: 2248-7246 Food Processing, Gems & Jewellery, Development

of Medicinal Plants, Rubber, Palm Oil and Tea,Pharmaceuticals, Basic Drugs and Chemicals,Development of Mines & Minerals, TourismIndustrial and Social Infrastructure development.

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5 KERALA Kerala State Industrial www.ksidc.org E mail: di-wb@ Tourism& Hospitality, InformationDevelopment hotmail.com Technology, Business Process Outsourcing, Healthcare &Corporation Ltd.(KSIDC) Medical Tourism, Manufacturing, Infrastructure,Keston Road , Kowdiar, Biotechnology, Food Processing Agriculture & Agro-Trivendrum-695 003, Kerala IndustriesPh: +91 484-2323010,fax: ++91 484-2323011

6 MADHYA Managing Director http://mpsidc.org/ [emailprotected] Minerals, Stone Agric, FoodPRADESH Madhya Pradesh State inmpsidc@ Processing, Pharmaceuticals, Herbal, Biotechnology,

Industrial Development Co. sancharnet.in Gems & Jewellery, Textile, Garments, Tourism,Ltd. (MPSIDC) & TRIFAC" Auto/Auto Component, Education, Forest Based,AVN Towers" Plot No. 192, Information Technology, Power Generation,Zone-I Maharana Pratap Infrastructure Hospitality & Services.Nagar, Bhopal- 462011 (MP)Phone: 0755-5270370, 5270246(D)Fax: 0755-5270280

7 RAJASTHAN Commissioner (Investment & http://www.invest [emailprotected] Power, Textile, Cement, Captive Power Plant, Granite,NRIs) rajasthan.com IT, Mineral, Road, SEZ, Tourism, WastelandBureau of Investment Development, Water, Biotechnology, Non-Promotion, Rajasthan Udyog Conventional Energy Sources.Bhawan ,Tilak Marg,Jaipur-302 005, IndiaPh:(91)(141)2227274, 2227812,2227713, 2227537Fax:(91) (141)2227506

8 MAHARASHTRA Maharashtra http://www.midc [emailprotected] Transport, Roads, Power, Gas, Ports,Industrial Development india.org, www. [emailprotected] Special Economic Zones, InformationCorporation sicomindia.com, Technology, Bio Technology, Agri Business,`Udyog Sarathi`, www.mahara Pharmaceutical, Healthcare, EnvironmentMahakali Caves Road, shtra.gov.in Management, Tourism, Development ofAndheri (E),Mumbai - 400 093 Industrial Clusters, Auto,Board Numbers: Textile, Wine, Entertainment and Leisure, Gems &91-022-26870052 / 54 / 73 Jewellery.Fax: 91-022-26871587

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9 TAMIL NADU Tamil Nadu Industrial http://www.tiic.org [emailprotected] Mines, Generation of Electricity, Nursing Homes,Guidance & Export Packaging, Hotels, Agro, Research & Development, BorePromotion Bureau, Well Rigs, Road laying equipment, manufacturing,Govt Industries Deptt, processing or preservation of goods.Secretariat, Chennai - 600 009.Ph : 25671383 Fax : 25670822

10 UTTAR Udyog bandhu, 12 C, Mall www.udyogban [emailprotected] Textile, Agriculture,Leather, Export PromotionPRADESH Avenue, Lucknow - 226001 dhu.org Industrial Park, Software Technology Parks, Special

Ph. +91-0522 2237726, www.upsidc.com. Economic Zones, Power, automobiles and ancillaries.2238508 Fax - 2237345Uttar Pradesh StateIndustrial DevelopmentCorporation, UPSIDCComplex,A-1/4 Lakhanpur,Kanpur.Tel: 0512-2582851,2582852,2582853Fax: 0512-2580797

11 BIHAR Director, Industries Vikas http://gov.bih. [emailprotected] Agro based industries, Industries based on medicinalBhawan Patna - 800 001. nic.in [emailprotected] and aromatic plants, Sericulture /Tasar, Chemical based(Bihar) India. Phone : 91-612- industries, Power generating and allied industries,2235812(O) Electronic and computers and IT based industries,Fax : 91-612-2226637 Industries based on non-conventional energy, live

stock based industries, Industries based on recyclingof wastes, eco friendly raw materials and processes,Super speciality Health services, Telecommunicationsand related products, Food processing industry,Tourism, Plastic and plastic based industries,Pharmaceutical drugs based industries, Leather basedindustries, Technical Education, Ceramics, Sports goods,Packaging, Metallurgical Industries, Textile,Handicrafts, Natural Gas Based Industries,Housing Fixtures and related industries

12 GOA Goa Industrial Development http://www.go [emailprotected] Pharmaceuticals, Information Technology, agro-based,Corporation aidc.com/home. food, fisheries, processing, tourism, electronics, bio-

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Plot No. http:// technology, light engineering goods, wood carving,13-A-2, EDC Complex, www.goaidc.com automotive parts, gems and jewellery, diamond cutting,Patto Plaza, Panjim-Goa garments.403 001.Tel: (91)(832)2437470 to 73Fax: (91)(832) 2437478 to 79

13 ORISSA 1. Industrial Promotion and www.ipicolorissa. [emailprotected] i. Mining and Mineral based IndustryInvestment Corporation of com ii. Petroleum and PetrochemicalsOrissa Limited (IPICOL), www.orissa. iii. Thermal Power plants'Shilpa Jyoti'IPICOL House, gov.in iv. Ancillary, downstream and construction phaseJanpath,Bhubaneswar-751022, industries for the aboveOrissa.Tel.- +91-674- 2542601- v. IT and ITES03, Fax- +91-674- 2543766 vi. Tourism2. Orissa Investment and http://rc. [emailprotected] vii. Agri-business and Food ProcessingExport Promotion Office orissa.gov.in viii. Fisheries and Marine aquaculture(OIEPO), Office of Resident ix. Engineering / Auto-componentx. InfrastructureCommissioner, Govt. of developmentOrissa, Orissa Niwas, 4Bordoloi Marg, Chankyapuri,New Delhi-110021.Tel. +91-11-23019771/23014250,Fax- +91-11-23010839 http://164.100. [emailprotected]. Director of Industries, 140.22/diorissa/(for Small Scale Industries)Killa Maidan,Cuttack-753 001,Orissa. Tel. - +91-671-2301892Fax - +91-671-2301227

14 PONDICHERRY PONDICHERRY http://www.pip [emailprotected] PROMOTION dic.com/setup.htmlDEVELOPMENT ANDINVESTMENTCORPORATION

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15 PUNJAB Industrial Facilitation Cell, http://punjabgovt. [emailprotected] Sahayak Chief nic.in/Industry/ [emailprotected] ,Coordinator, Directorate of UdyogSahayak. [emailprotected], Punjab, 18 htm#contactHimalya Marg, Udyog Bhawan,Sector 17, Chandigarh 160017Tel No. 91-0172-2715270,2715320, 2715344,Fax No. 91-0172-2776992The Punjab StateIndustrialDevelopmentCorporation LimitedTelephones EPABX : 91-172-702881-84, 702791Fax:91-172-704145

16 HARYANA Investment Promotion Centre, http://www.haryana. [emailprotected] Agro based and Food Processing Industry, ElectronicsDirectorate of Industries, nic.in/ip2005 and Information & Communication Technology,Haryana, 30 Bays Building, Automobiles & Automotive Components, Handloom,Sector 17, Chandigarh. Hosiery, Textile and Garments, Manufacturing, ExportPh.0172 2701346/ 2701221 Oriented Units, Footwear, leather garments and

accessories.

17 CHHATTISGARH Convener,State Investment http://www.chhatt [emailprotected] BoardNear isgarh.nic.in/Mantralaya, Renuka Dwar, departments/Shastri Chowk,Raipur sipb/sipb.htmChhattisgarh - 492 001Ph. 0771-4066351,4066352Fax : 0771-4066315

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18 JHARKHAND Directorate of Industry, www.jharkhand doijharkhand@ Mining and mineral based Industries, Agro basedNepal House, 3rd Floor, industry. in. doijharkhand.net Industries, Industries based on medicinal aromaticDoronda, Ranchi plants, Sericulture/Tasar, Forest based Industry likeTel: +91- 651 -2491844 shellac, bamboo etc, Engineering, auto component, ironFax: +91-651-2491884 & steel and steel based downstream industries,

Chemical based industries, Power generating andallied industries, electronics and computers and ITbased Industries, Industries based on non-conventional energy, livestock basedindustries,Industries based on recycling of wastes,super specialty health services,Telecommunications and related products,FoodProcessing Industries, Tourism, Cold Storages,Plastic and Plastic bags based industries,Pharmaceutical/drugs based industries, leatherbased industries, technical education, ceramics,sports goods, packaging, metallurgical industries,textiles, hosiery, knitwear, handicrafts, natural gasbased industries, housing fixtures related industries.

19 UTTARANCHAL State Industrial Development www.sidcul.com. [emailprotected]. Floriculture, Medicinal herbs and aromatic herbs etc. -Corporation of Uttaranchal processing, honey, Horticulture and Agro based2, New Cantt Road, industries, Food Processing Industry, Sugar and itsDehradun-248001 by products, Silk and silk products, Wool and woolTel: +91 -135-2743292/97, products, Woven fabrics (Excisable garments),2743838 Fax: 91-135-2743288 Sports goods, tourism, Pharma products, Eco-

tourism, Handicrafts, Bottling of mineral water,Hydro- Power, Forest Products, Herbs & Spices,Minerals, Education, Medical & Health Care,Handlooms, Tea Industry, Information Technology,Biotechnology,

20 ASSAM Directorate of Industries and http://industries Food Products, Agro-Forest based products,Commerce, Government of assam.nic.in/ Paper & Stationery, Rubber & Polymer Products,Assam, Udyog Bhawan, Chemical & Medical Products, Machinery & MetalBamunimaidam, Tools, Misc. like - Shoe Polish,Guwahati 781021 Tooth Paste, Water Filter,Tel: +91-361-2550242 Leather based Products & Mineral basedFax: 91-361-2550717 Industries etc.

21 JAMMU & (Nov- Apr)Directorate of http://jammu [emailprotected] Information Jammu & kashmir.nic.in

Kashmir Government OldSecretariat Mubark Maudi

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IAComplex, Jammu-180001Tel:0191-2544076, 2540088,2578835 Fax:0191-2544643(May- Oct.)Directorate of InformationJammu & Kashmir Govt.Opposite Partap Park,Abhi Guzar Lal Chowk,Srinagar. Tel: 0194-2452294,2452437,2481980, 2459172Fax No.:0194-2452227

22 HIMACHAL The Himachal Pradesh State www.hpsidc.nic.in [emailprotected] Floriculture, Medicinal herbs and aromatic herbs etc. -PRADESH Industrial Development processing, honey, Horticulture and Agro based

Corporation, New Himrus industries, Food Processing Industry, Sugar and its by-Building, Circular Road products, Silk and silk products, Wool and woolShimla - 171001 products, Woven fabrics (Excisable garments), SportsTel: + 91- 177 2624751/2/4 goods, tourism, Pharma products, Eco-tourism,2625422 Fax: + 91- 177 2624278 Handicrafts, Bottling of mineral water, Automobile

Manufacturing units, Cold Storage Units, fruits/vegetables/ spice based wineries, production ofciders/ ale, Sericulture/ handlooms/ Khadiindustry, Electronic units etc.

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CHAPTER - 3TAX INCENTIVES FOR NON-

RESIDENTS

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TAX INCENTIVES FOR NON-RESIDENTS

RESIDENTIAL STATUS FOR TAX PURPOSES

In India, as in many other countries, the charge of income-tax and the scope of taxable income varies withthe factor of residence. There are two categories of taxable entities viz. (1) Residents and (2) Non-Residents.Residents are further classified into two sub-categories (i) Resident and ordinarily Resident and (ii) Residentbut not Ordinarily Resident. The law prescribes two alternative technical tests of residence for individualtaxpayers. Each of the two tests relate to the physical presence of the taxpayer in India in the course of the"previous year" which would be the twelve months from April 1 to March 31.

A person is said to be "Resident" in India in any previous year if he -

(a) is in India in that year for an aggregate period of 182 days or more; or

(b) having within the four years preceding that year been in India for a period of 365 days or more, isin India in that year for an aggregate period of 60 days or more.

The above provisions are applicable to all individuals irrespective of their nationality. However, as aspecial concession for Indian citizens and foreign citizens of Indian origin, the period of 60 days referredto in Clause (b) above, will be extended to 182 days in two cases: (i) where an Indian citizen leaves Indiain any year for employment outside India; and (ii) where an Indian citizen or a foreign citizen of Indianorigin (NRI), who is outside India, comes on a visit to India.

In the above context, an individual visiting India several times during the relevant "previous year"should note that judicial authorities in India have held that both the days of entry and exit are countedwhile calculating the number of days stay in India, irrespective of however short the time spent in Indiaon those two days may be.

A "Non-Resident" is merely defined as a person who is not a "Resident" i.e. one who does not satisfyeither of the two prescribed tests of residence.

An individual, who is defined as Resident in a given financial year is said to be "Not Ordinarily Resident"in any previous year if he has been a Non-Resident in India nine out of the 10 preceding previous yearsor he has during the seven preceding previous years been in India for a period of, or periods amountingin all to, 729 days or less.

Till 31st March, 2003, "Not Ordinarily Resident" was defined as a person who has not been resident inIndia in nine out of 10 preceding previous years or he has not during the seven preceding previousyears been in India for a period of, or periods amounting in all to, 730 days or more.

TAX EXEMPTIONS FROM INCOME TAX

Income from the following investments made by NRIs/PIOs out of convertible foreign exchange istotally exempt from tax:

(a) Deposits in under mentioned bank accounts

(i) Non Resident External Rupee Account (NRE)

(ii) Foreign Currency Non Resident Account (FCNR)

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(b) Units of Unit Trust of India and specified mutual funds, other specific securities, bonds and savingscertificates (subject to conditions prescribed under the Income-tax laws and regulations).

(c) Dividend declared by Indian company.

(d) Long term capital gains arising from transfer of equity shares in a company and/or equity orientedschemes of Mutual Funds, which are subject to Securities Transaction Tax.

It should be noted that the tax exemptions relating to NRE bank deposits will cease immediately upon theNRI/PIO becoming a resident in India whereas the interest on FCNR bank deposits will continue to be taxfree as long as the NRI maintains the status of Resident but Not Ordinarily Resident or until maturity,whichever is earlier.

TAX EXEMPTIONS FROM WEALTH TAX

Where an NRI/PIO returns to India for permanent residence, the money and the value of assets brought byhim into India and the value of assets acquired by him out of such money within one year immediatelypreceding the date of his return and at any time thereafter are totally exempt from wealth tax for a period ofseven years after return to India.

The above exemption may not have much relevance now since the Finance Act 1992 has considerablyreduced the scope of wealth tax. With effect from 1st April, 1993, wealth tax is being levied only on non-productive assets like urban land, buildings (except one house property), jewellery, bullion, vehicles, cashover Rs.50,000/- etc. The current rate of wealth-tax is 1% on the aggregate market value of chargeableassets as on 31st March every year in excess of Rs.1.5 million.

However, it may be noted that NRls are also liable to pay wealth tax if the market value of taxable assets ason 31st March exceeds Rs l.5 million.

TAX EXEMPTIONS FROM GIFT TAX

Gift Tax Act, 1958 has been repealed with effect from 1st October, 1998 and as such, Gift Tax is notchargeable on any gifts made on or after that date.

With regard to gifts of foreign exchange or specified assets made by NRls to their relatives in India, it shouldbe noted that

1. Gifts made by an NRI/PIO to his or her spouse, minor children or son's wife will involve clubbing ofincome and wealth in the hands of the donor-NRI/ PIO.

2. In the case of gifts to minor children the clubbing of income, as above, will cease upon such childrenattaining the age of 18 years.

3. The clubbing provisions will apply, in case of gift to spouse or son's wife in India, only to the first-stageof income from the original gift. Second-stage income arising from investment of the income from theoriginal gift is not clubbed and this will constitute the separate wealth/income of the donee- spouse.

Generally, the income of minor children, from any source (including income from gifts from parents) isclubbed with the income of the parent whose total chargeable income is greater.

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Other matters to be noted regarding gifts are:

1. All gifts received by residents from NRls/PlOs may be subject to the tax authorities requiring therecipient to provide evidence as regards the identity and financial capacity of the donor andgenuineness of the gift.

2. Under the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 no approval from Reserve Bank of India(RBI) is necessary for the resident donee to hold gifted immovable property outside India providedthe said property is gifted by a person resident outside India. General permission, subject to certainconditions, is granted by RBI for the resident donees to hold foreign moveable properties such asshares and securities gifted by NRI/PIO donors.

3. The Income Tax Act has now provided that any sum of money exceeding Rs.25, 000 receivedwithout consideration (i.e., gift) by an individual from any person on or after 1st September, 2004,the whole of such sum will be chargeable to income-tax in the assessment of recipient (i.e., donee)under that head "Income from other sources" for and from assessment year 2005-06 and onwards.

However, the above provisions will not apply to any sum of money (gift) received

(a) from any relative; or

(b) on the occasion of the marriage of the individual; or

(c) under a will or by way of inheritance; or

(d) in contemplation of death of the payer.

The term "Relative" is defined as:

(1) spouse of the individual;

(2) brother or sister of the individual;

(3) brother or sister of the spouse of the individual;

(4) brother or sister of either of the parents of the individual;

(5) any lineal ascendant or descendant of the individual;

(6) any lineal ascendant or descendant of the spouse of the individual; and

(7) spouse of the person referred to in (2) to (6).

Scope of Receipts

· As per plain reading of the provision, any receipt without consideration, save exclusions, whethercapital or otherwise, may be considered as income.

· Similar receipts by any person (such as a partnership firm, a company, and Association of PersonsAOP etc.), other than an individual or a Hindu Undivided Family, would not constitute income inits hands.

· The provision would apply to an individual irrespective of his residential status. Accordingly, anyreceipt in India by a non-resident of the nature discussed above would be considered as income inhis hands.

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· Gifts on occasion other than marriage, for example, birthday, marriage anniversary and othersocial occasions, religious ceremonies etc., would be taxable as income. Gifts received on the occasionof the marriage of the individual, irrespective of any limit, (but within reasonable limits) would notconstitute income.

· The receipts should be in the form of money. Accordingly, any gift in kind would not be taxable.

The receipts must be without consideration, implying in the nature of gift.

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CHAPTER - 4OTHER INVESTMENT

OPPORTUNITIES IN INDIA

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4.1 SHARES AND SECURITIES

Portfolio Investment Scheme for NRIs

Schedule 2 and 3 of the Notification No. FEMA 20/2000 RB contains provisions relating to PortfolioInvestment by NRIs. OCBs are not allowed to make fresh investments in India under the Portfolio InvestmentScheme vide Notification No. FEMA 46 dated 29th November 2001. Further, in September 2003, RBI hasbanned OCBs from investing in any manner in India. In fact, the category of OCB has been abolished.However, they can continue to hold and sell shares purchased before 29th November 2001.

Portfolio investment is covered by general permission subject to following condition/provisions.

(i) Investment is permitted on repatriation as well as non-repatriation basis.

(ii) Purchases, sale of shares (Preference and Equity) and/or convertible debentures are covered.

(iii) Purchase/sale is done through a registered broker of a recognised stock exchange.

(iv) One bank branch must be designated by NRIs and all purchase/sale must be routed through thatdesignated bank branch only.

(v) All transactions of sales and purchase must be delivery based. Speculative transactions are not allowed.

(vi) Mode of investment may be in any of the following ways:

(a) For investment on Repatriation basis

- inward remittances through normal banking channels

- out of FCNR/NRE account.

(b) For investment on non-repatriation basis

Besides the above two, investment can be made out of NRO account.

(vii) Ceiling on Investment

(a) Per investor (Each NRI)

- 5% of the paid-up value of shares of an Indian Company on both repatriation and non-repatriation basis.

- 5% of the value of each issue of convertible debenture of an Indian Company on bothrepatriation and non-repatriation basis.

(b) Per investee Company

(Total holding by all NRIs put together on both repatriable as well as non-repatriable basis.)

10% of paid-up value of shares of an Indian Company.

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10% of paid-up value each series of convertible debenture.

This ceiling of 10% could be increased to 24%, if the General Body of concerned Indian Company passes aspecial resolution to that effect.

(viii) Repatriation of Sale/Maturity Proceeds

(a) Sales proceeds of Investment held on repatriation basis can be credited to NRE/FCNR/NROaccount after payment of applicable taxes.

(b) If investment is on non-repatriation basis, credit of sale/maturity proceeds is permitted in NROaccount.

(ix) Existing OCBs (i.e. prior to Sep 16, 2003) must intimate the designated bank branch immediately onthe holding/interest of NRIs in the OCB becoming less than 60%.

(x) NRIs are allowed to enter into forward contracts to hedge their investment made in India.

(xi) NRI is also permitted to invest in exchange traded derivatives contracts approved by SEBI from time totime out of his Rupee funds held in India on Non-Repatriable basis subject to the limits prescribed bySEBI.

(xii) NRIs can also invest without limit on repatriable basis in Government dated securities, treasury bills,units of domestic mutual funds, bonds issued by PSUs, shares in Public Sector Enterprises which arebeing disinvested by Government. They can also invest without limit on non-repatriable basis inGovernment Dated Securities, Treasury Bills, units of Domestic Mutual Funds, units of Money MarketMutual Funds. However, NRIs are not permitted to make Investments in Small Savings Schemesincluding PPF.

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4.2 LOANS & OVERDRAFTS

Borrowing in Foreign Exchange by Residents

There is general permission to borrow up to US$ 250,000 or its equivalent in foreign exchange on a repatriablebasis by an individual Resident from his close relatives (as defined in Section 6 of the Companies Act)resident outside India subject to -

ü The loan is free of interest

ü The minimum maturity period of the loan is 1 year.

ü The amount of loan is received by inward remittance in free foreign exchange through normalbanking channels or by debit to the NRE/FCNR account of the non-resident lender.

Non-Repatriable Borrowing in Rupees by Residents

A resident, not being a company incorporated in India, may borrow in rupees on non-repatriation basis fromNRI or PIO subject to:

The term of the loan shall not exceed 3 years.

The loan has to be utilised for meeting the borrower's personal requirement or for his business purposes andunder no circ*mstances be used for relending or for investment in shares, securities or immovable property.

The rate of interest shall not exceed 2% over the bank rate prevailing on the date of availing of loan.

Loan in Rupees against Shares / Immovable Property

Authorised Dealers (ADs) may grant loan in rupees to NRIs against the security of shares or immovableproperty in India for personal or business purposes and housing loans against the security of houses/flats tobe acquired for residential accommodation in India. Restriction has been removed on the use of loan andallows it to be applied for any purpose other than the basic embargoes on chit funds, Nidhi companies,agricultural and or plantation activities, etc. It cannot also be applied for trading in Transferable DevelopmentRights (TDRs) or investment in capital market including margin trading and derivatives.

The loan is non-repatriable. Hence the loan amount cannot be credited to the NRIs NRE/FCNR accounts.

The repayment of the loans should be by direct remittance from abroad or by way of debit to the NRE /FCNR account or by way of sale of shares and immovable property.

Loan against NRE, FCNR & NRO

Since the account holder can withdraw from NRE saving deposits at any time, banks should not mark anytype of lien, direct or indirect, against these deposits. ADs may grant loans to the account holder against thesecurity of term deposits. The repayments of the loan may be made either by adjusting the deposit againstthe loan or by fresh remittances from abroad.

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Loan can be given to account holder for the acquisition of flat / house in India against NRE or FCNR fixeddeposits on repatriable basis, provided the amount to be repatriated is governed by Foreign ExchangeManagement Regulation (Acquisition and Transfer of Immovable Property in India).

A branch outside India of an Authorised Dealer may grant loan against the security of NRE/FCNR deposit.Authorised Dealers may grant forex loans in India against security of FCNR to the account holder only andnot to third parties, with approval of board of bank, provided the loan period does not exceed the maturityperiod of the deposit and the loan is not used for investment in India. The document should be executed bythe deposit holder himself and not by his Power of Attorney holder.

The repayment of the loan may be made either by adjusting the deposit against the loan or by fresh remittancesfrom abroad. Repayment may be made by using the NRO account also. However in that case, interest has tobe charged at full commercial rate in force.

Loan to Third Parties in India

ADs may grant loans to Residents against the collateral of NRE deposits provided there is no direct orindirect foreign exchange consideration to the NRI depositor for agreeing to pledge his deposits and the loanis to be used for personal purposes of Resident or for carrying on business activities other than agricultural orplantation activities.

Change in the Residential Status of Borrower

An AD may allow continuance of loan/overdraft granted to a Resident who subsequently becomes a ResidentOutside India if he is satisfied about the reasons to continue the loan or overdraft. The repayment shall bemade either by inward remittance from outside India through normal banking channels or from the fundsheld in the Non- Resident related accounts of the borrower.

Temporary Overdrawings

Authorised Dealers may allow overdrawings in NRE savings bank accounts, up to a limit of Rs 50,000. Suchoverdrawings together with the interest should be cleared within 2 weeks, out of inward remittances throughnormal banking channels or by transfer of funds from other NRE/FCNR accounts.

Change in the Residential Status of the Lender

In case a rupee loan was granted by a Resident to another Resident and the lender subsequently becomes anon-resident, the repayment of the loan by resident borrower should be made by credit to the NRO accountof the lender.

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4.3 IMMOVABLE PROPERTY

Under FEMA regulations a foreign citizen who is resident in India can purchase Immovable Property (IP) inIndia without any approval from RBI. He is also not required to file any declaration at the time of purchaseof such IP.

Citizens of eight countries, namely, (Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, China, Iran, Nepal. orBhutan (whether resident in India or not) are prohibited from acquiring or transferring any IP in India withoutprior approval of the RBI. However, such a prohibition is not applicable to IP acquired on lease for a periodnot exceeding five years.

General Prohibition

Investment in agricultural property, plantation and farmhouse is prohibited for all classes of persons residentoutside India, be it NRIs/OCBs/ foreign citizens or other foreign entities.

Table-1 : Transaction of Immovable Property

Indian Citizen ResidentOutside India may

NRI PIO Resident Note

Purchase Property From Yes Yes YesSell Property To Yes Yes YesReceive Gift From Yes Yes YesGive Gift To Yes Yes Yes

Agricultural PropertyPurchase Property From No No NoSell Property To No No YesReceive Gift From No No NoGive Gift To No No Yes

Person of India Origin who isResident Outside India may

Purchase Property From Yes Yes Yes Forex or NRISell Property To No No Yes Bank AccountsReceive Gift From Yes Yes YesGive Gift To Yes Yes Yes

Agricultural PropertyPurchase Property From No No NoSell Property To No No Yes Citizen of IndiaReceive Gift From No No NoGive Gift To No No Yes Citizen of India

All situations not falling in the category of the general permissions, including requests for acquisition ofa*gricultural land by any ROI may be made to The Chief General Manager, Reserve Bank of India, ExchangeControl Department, Foreign Investment Decision (III), Mumbai-400 001 (India).

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Remittance of Rent

NRIs/PIOs can freely rent out their immovable property, whether purchased through application of forex orotherwise, without seeking any permission from the RBI. The rental income being a current account transactionis repatriable outside India, only if proper tax is paid or provided for.

Where the house is purchased through housing finance and the house is rented out, the entire rental income,even if it is more than the prescribed instalment, should be adjusted towards repayment of the loan. If therental income is less then the prescribed instalment, the borrower should remit the amount of the extent ofthe shortfall from abroad or pay it out of his NRE, FCNR or NRO account in India.

(Refer: RBI Master Circular No. /02/2006-07 at Annexure VII )

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4.4 REMITTANCE FACILITIES FOR NRIs/PIOs

Remittance of capital assets in India held by a person whether resident in or outside India would requireapproval of the Reserve Bank except to the extent provided in the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999(FEMA) or Rules or Regulations made under the Act.

1. Remittance of assets by NRIs/PIOs

NRI/PIO may remit upto $1,000,000 per year out of the balance in his Non Resident (Ordinary)account/sale proceeds of assets (inclusive of inheritance/settlement).

2. Repatriation of sale proceeds of residential property purchased by NRIs/PIOsout of foreign exchange

There is no lock-in period for sale of residential property purchased by NRI/PIO out of foreign exchange.However, repatriation of sale proceeds of residential property purchased by NRI/PIO out of foreign exchangeis restricted to not more than two such properties.

Remittance representing refund of application/earnest money on account of non allotment is permittedtogether with interest if the original payment was made out of NRE/FCNR account of the account holderor the remittance was from outside India through normal banking channels.

3. Remittance of current income

Remittance of current income like rent, dividend, pension, interest etc. of NRIs /PIOs who do not maintainNRO Account is freely allowed on the basis of appropriate certification by a Chartered Accountant certifyingthat the amount proposed to be remitted is eligible for remittance and that applicable taxes have been paid/provided for.

NRIs/PIO have the option to credit the current income to their Non-Resident (External) Rupee accountprovided the authorized dealer is satisfied that the credit represents current income of the non-residentaccount holder and income tax thereon has been deducted/provided for.

4. International Credit Cards

Banks may issue International Credit Cards to NRIs/PIOs without prior approval of the RBI.

(Refer: RBI Master Circular No. /04/2006-07 at Annexure VIII)

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4.5 PHILANTHROPY BY NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS(NGOs)

Introduction

Any organisation working for a social, cultural, economic, educational or religious cause is termed as anNGO. NGOs have made favorable indents to needy sections of Indian society at par with a constantlychanging socio-economic climate. NGOs have reached out to all sections of society including women,children, pavement dwellers, unorganised workers, youth, slum-dwellers and landless labourers.

An NGO can be formed under various legal identities:

(i) Society registered under Societies Registration Act, 1860.

(ii) Trust (Formed under the Trust deed and registered with Income Tax Authority.)

(iii) Limited company incorporated under section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956

SOCIETY

A Society is formed when people come together to do something with some common purpose which is legaland useful for others. A society should generally not get into profit making activities.

TRUST

What is a Charitable Trust?

A charitable trust is a legal entity which can be set up by anyone who has decided to commit themselves inprinciple to setting aside some of their assets or income for charitable causes. Trusts are completelyindependent of government or any external control. The main obligation is to work within the charitablepurposes and the powers set out in the Trust Deed.

Features of a Trust

A Trust is created when a donor attaches a legal obligation to the ownership of certain property based on hisconfidence placed in and accepted by the donee or trustee, for the benefit of another.

The persons who intends to create the trust with regard to certain property for a specified beneficiary andwho places his confidence in another for this arrangement is called the Author of the Trust; the person whoaccepts the confidence is called the Trustee; the person whose benefit the confidence is accepted is calledthe Beneficiary; the subject matter of the trust is called Trust Property.

Charity is a matter for State control, so different States of India have their own legislation in the form ofTrusts or Endowment Acts to govern and regulate public charitable NGOs.

Trustees control the Trust

The Trustees control the trust's assets and decide how the income (and capital) of the trust is to be distributed,and ensure that it is in line with the charitable purposes of the trust.

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The author of the trust must indicate with reasonable certainty the following:

· Intention to create trust· Purpose of the trust· Beneficiaries of the trust, and· The trust property

A public trust is of permanent and indefinite character. A public trust benefits the public at large or at leasta section of the community.

The property forming subject matter of the trust must be capable of being transferable to the beneficiary -thus property which is inalienable by virtue of public policy or statute does not form valid subject matter fora trust. In terms of section 8 of the Indian Trusts Act, there cannot be as a trust of a beneficial interest undera trust i.e. there cannot be a trust upon a trust.

Flexibility in naming your Trust

You can choose what to call your trust - your family name, or that of an honorable person. The organisationcan also be called a "foundation" or "charity" or any similar terms as these words are practically interchangeablein a legal sense.

NON - PROFIT COMPANY

Non - Profit Company is identical to an ordinary company in all respects except that it is not established forprofit and commercial gain. It is also called a Section 25 Company and is a voluntary association of people,registered under the Indian Companies Act, 1956.

Objectives of a non-profit company can include promotion of commerce, art, science, religion, charity orany other useful object. Profits are applied for promoting only the objects of the company and no dividend ispaid to its members (Section 25 (1) (a) and (b) of the Companies Act, 1956). A non-profit company may bepublic or private. If the non-profit company is a private company a minimum of only two members arerequired to form it. However, if the non-profit company is for a public purpose, then a minimum of sevenare needed. A 'section 25 company' is eligible for certain exemption from provisions of law and concessionalrate of fees etc.

FOREIGN CONTRIBUTION

Prior Permission always

The Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 1976 (FCRA) requires all Indian NGOs that receive foreigncontributions to receive clearance from the Ministry of Home Affairs, in the form of either permanentFCRA registration or prior permission on a case-to-case basis.

The procedure for obtaining prior permission from the FCRA is as follows:

1) Apply in Form FC - 1A

Applicant (s) to file Form FC - 1A along with required documents

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2) FCRA permission

Within 90 days thereafter, you will receive a registered letter from the Department either granting thepermission or stating rejection of your request.

3) Appeal against rejection

You can re-apply after ascertaining and rectifying objections on your file. You can also file an appeal inthe High Court within 60 days of the date of letter.

4) Applying again

One party can apply for prior permission more then once if needed - considering that projects arevaried and or are under different agencies.

When FCRA permission is not needed:

Prior permission from the FCRA is not required for receiving amounts in the following forms:-

(a) Salary, wages or other remuneration either to individual or payment for business purposes.

(b) Payment for international trade or for business transacted by him outside India.

(c) By way of a gift or presentation received as member of any Indian delegation.

(d) Gift not exceeding Rs. 8,000/- per annum.

Profit-oriented organisations are not covered by FCRA.

Bank Account for foreign funds

An NGO is required to open and use bank account exclusively for foreign funds under FCRA.

Income Tax Benefits on foreign funds

1. Benefits for the NGO

Incomes received by any religious or charitable trust or institution registered with the income taxauthorities, is not taxable as long as this income is applied for the objects of the organisation.

2. Benefits to Donors :

The donors are also entitled to get an exemption on their donation where exemption can be 50% or100% depending on the category of organisations.

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Illustrative example of NGOs handling foreign money/materials:

Sponsorships by foreign parties:-

An occasion can arise where a moneyed foreign person agrees to kindly sponsor an NGOs annualcharity festival and the foreign funds are forwarded directly to the printers for printing of catalogues forthis festival by them, the NGO accepting the catalogues has accepted foreign contribution and is underan obligation to intimate the Central Government. If the NGO does not have requisite FCRA registrationor prior permission it cannot accept the sponsorship in the first place.

· Form FC-3 is to be filed at the end of each financial year (by 31st July). Filing required to be doneannually till such time the FCRA funds are exhausted.

· Documents to attach with Form FC-8 - Attach one copy of each of the following documents

1. Certificate from the concerned District Collector/Department of State Government/Ministry orDepartment of Central Government;

2. Activity report for past three years;

3. Audited Statements of Account for past three years;

4. List of state or districts of focus of work;

5. Note on socio-economic background of the beneficiaries and of the region to be covered;

6. Where NGO is a society, then also attach certified copy of Registration Certificate issued by theRegistrar of Societies;

7. Certified copy of registered Trust Deed (if NGO is a Trust);

8. Certified copies of (a) Memorandum and Articles of Association, (b) registration certificate issuedby the Registrar of Companies, (c) section 25 license issued by the Regional Director, Departmentof Company Affairs (if NGO is a non-profit company);

9. FCRA does not allow mixing up of Indian funds and FCRA funds. This means both funds are to bemaintained separately.

Scholarships from foreign sources

Indians receiving a foreign scholarship or stipend from foreign source have to intimate the Central Governmentof the amount, propose, source and intervals of such payment.

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CHAPTER - 5OTHER IMPORTANT

MATTERS

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5.1 OVERSEAS CITIZENSHIP OF INDIA (OCI)

OCI SCHEME IS OPERATIONAL FROM 02.12.2005

The Constitution of India does not allow holding Indian citizenship and citizenship of a foreign countrysimultaneously. Based on the recommendation of the High Level committee on Indian Diaspora, theGovernment of India decided to grant Overseas Citizenship Of India( OCI ). The scheme is operationalfrom December 2, 2005. OCI has been introduced by statute as a new category of citizenship to facilitatelife-long visa, free travel to India and certain economic, educational and cultural benefits. This is not to beconstrued as 'dual citizenship' since it does not confer political rights. Any Overseas Indian applicant who iscomfortable with his present citizenship status in the country of his residence can apply for OCI. Till October2006, about 65,000 OCI documents have been issued, mostly to overseas Indians in the USA, Canada, UK,Australia and New Zealand.

Persons of Indian Origin ( PIOs) of certain category, as specified below, who migrated from India andacquired citizenship of a foreign country other than Pakistan and Bangladesh, are eligible for grant of OCI.

Registered OCIs shall be entitled to following benefits:

(i) Multiple entry, multi-purpose life long visa to visit India;

(ii) Exemption from registration with Police authorities for any length of stay in India; and

(iii) Parity with NRIs in financial, economic and educational fields except in the acquisition of agriculturalor plantation properties.

Persons registered as OCI have not been given any voting rights, election to Lok Sabha / Rajya Sabha /Legislative Assembly / Council, holding Constitutional posts such as President, Vice President, Judge ofSupreme Court / High Court etc.

Any further benefits to OCIs will be notified by the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs (MOIA) undersection 7B (1) of the citizenship Act, 1955.

A person registered as OCI for five years is eligible to apply for grant of Indian citizenship under section 5(1)(g) of the Citizenship Act, 1955 if he/she has been residing in India for one year out of the five years beforemaking the application.

1. Eligibility Criteria:

A foreign national, who was eligible to become citizen of India on 26.01.1950 or was a citizen of India on orat anytime after 26.01.1950 or belonged to a territory that became part of India after 15.08.1947 and his/herchildren and grand children.

2. Application form and procedure:

A family consisting of spouses and upto two minor children can apply in the same form i.e. Form XIX. Theform can be filed online or downloaded from the website www.mha.nic.in.

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Application has to be submitted in duplicate along with the following documents:

1. Proof of present citizenship.

2. Evidence of self or parents or grand parents,

(a) being eligible to become a citizen of India at the time of commencement of the Constitution; or

(b) belonging to a territory that became part of India after 15th August, 1947; or

(c) being citizen of India on or after 26th January,1950

These could be:

(i) Copy of the passport: or

(ii) Copy of the domicile certificate issued by the competent authority; or

(iii) Any other proof.

3. Evidence of relationship as parent / grand parent, if their Indian origin is claimed as basis for grant ofOCI.

4. Application fee by way of Demand Draft (US $ 275 for each applicant or equivalent in local currency; US$ 25 or equivalent in local currency for each PIO card holder)

5. PIO card holders must also submit a copy of their PIO card.

The application form completed in all respects along with enclosures should be submitted in duplicate to theIndian Mission / Post of the country of applicant's citizenship or where he/she is not in the country ofcitizenship to the Indian Mission / Post of the country in which he / she is ordinarily resident. If theapplicant is in India, he / she can apply to the Foreigners Regional Registration Officer (FRRO) at Delhi,Mumbai, Kolkata or Amritsar or Chief Immigration Officer (CHIO) Chennai or to the Under Secretary, OCICell, Citizenship Section, Foreigners Division, Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Jaisalmer House, 26Mansingh Road, New Delhi - 110011.

3. Procedure for granting registration:

After Preliminary scrutiny, if there is no adverse information available against the applicant, the IndianMission / Post shall register a person as OCI within 30 days of application and the case shall be referred toMHA for post verification of the antecedents of the applicant. If during the post verification, any adverseinformation comes to the knowledge of the MHA, the registration as OCI already granted by the IndianMission / Post shall be cancelled by an order under Section 7D of the Citizenship Act, 1955.

After preliminary scrutiny, if there is any adverse information against the applicant, prior approval of MHAshall be required before grant of registration. MHA may approve or reject the grant of registration within 120days from the date of the receipt of the application. If the grant of registration as OCI is approved by MHA,the Indian Mission / Post shall register the person as OCI.

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If the application is filed in India, registration shall be granted by MHA by following the aboveprocedure.

After grant of registration, a registration certificate in the form of booklet will be issued and a multiple entry,multi-purpose life long OCI 'U' Visa Sticker will be pasted on the foreign passport of the applicant.

4. OCI for PIO card holders:

PIO card holders who are otherwise eligible for registration as OCI may apply in the same Form i.e. FormXIX and they will be considered for grant of registration in the same manner as other applicants. PIO cardholders have to pay a fee of US $ 25 or equivalent in local currency instead of US $ 275 for normal applicant.PIO cardholders will have to surrender his/her PIO card after knowledge of acceptance of application.

5. OCI for persons who have applied on the earlier prescribed application form:

All such applications will be considered for grant of OCI on the same line as in 3 above without seeking freshapplication and fees.

6. Cancellation of OCI registration

If it has been found that the registration as an OCI was obtained by means of fraud, false representation orconcealment of any material fact or the registered OCI has shown disaffection towards the Constitution ofIndia or comes under any of the provisions of Section 7D of the Citizenship Act, the registration of suchperson will not only be cancelled forthwith but he / she will also be blacklisted for visiting India.

7. Help Desk:

For any clarification/query on the scheme, please visit the website www.mha.nic.in. or visit the website ofthe local Indian Mission / Post or contact the Indian Mission / Post or OCI Cell, Citizenship Section,Foreigners Division, Ministry of Home Affairs, Jaisalmer House, 26 Mansingh Road, New Delhi - 110011.

APPLICATION FEES

For application to be filed in India, an amount of Rs. 12,650 has to be paid for each applicant by DemandDraft in Favor of " Pay and Account Officer (Secretariat), Ministry of Home Affairs" payable at New Delhi.In case of PIO Card holder, an amount of Rs.1,150 has to be paid.

In case of application to be filed outside India, for the amount of fee to be paid in local currency, please visitthe web site of the respective Indian Mission / Post.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Who was eligible to become Citizen of India on 26.01.1950?

Any person who or either of whose parents or any of whose grand-parents was born in India as defined in theGovernment of India Act, 1935 (as originally enacted), and who was ordinarily residing in any countryoutside India was eligible to become citizen of India on 26.01.1950.

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2. Which territories became part of India after 15.08.1947 and from what date?

The territories which became part of India after 15.08.1947 are:

(i) Sikkim from 26.04.1975

(ii) Pondicherry from 16.08.1962

(iii) Dadra & Nagar Haveli from 11.08.1961

(iv) Goa, Daman and Diu from 20.12.1961

3. Can the spouse of the eligible person apply for OCI

Yes, if he/she is eligible in his /her own capacity.

4. Can children of parents, wherein one of the parents is eligible for OCI, can apply for OCI?

Yes.

5. Can application form be filled and submitted on line?

Yes. Part A of the application form can be filed online at website www.mha.nic.in.. Part B can be downloadedand printed on computer or by hand in Block letters. Printed Part A and Part B of the application form haveto be submitted to the Indian Mission/Post/Office.

6. Whether applicant(s) have to go in person to submit the application(s)?

No. Application(s) can be sent by post.

7. Whether the applicant(s) have to take oath before the Counsel of the Indian Mission/Post?

No. Earlier provision in this regard has been done away with.

8. Can a person apply in the country where he is ordinarily residing?

Yes.

9. What are the consequences of furnishing wrong information or suppressing materialinformation?

All the applications will be subject to pre or post enquiry depending on whether any adverse information isavailable or not. If the Government comes to the knowledge that any false information was furnished ormaterial information was suppressed, the registration as OCI already granted shall be cancelled by an orderunder Section 7D of the Citizenship Act, 1955. The persons will also be blacklisted banning his/her entryinto India.

10. What is the fee for application for registration as OCI?

US $ 275 or equivalent in local currency for each applicant. In case of PIO card holder, US $ 25 or equivalentin local currency for each applicant.

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11. What is the time taken for registration as OCI?

Within 30 days of the application, if there is no adverse information available against the applicant. If anyadverse information is available against the applicant, the decision to grant or otherwise is taken within 120days.

12. If the registration as OCI is not granted, what amount will be refunded?

An amount of US $ 250 or equivalent in local currency shall be refunded, if registration is refused. US $ 25is the processing fees, which is non- refundable.

13. Will the PIO Card holder be granted OCI registration gratis?

No. He/she has to make a payment of US $ 25 equivalent in local currency along with the application.

14. Will a separate OCI passport be issued?

No. The visa sticker will be pasted on the foreign passport. For this purpose, the applicant has to send theoriginal passport to the Indian Mission / Post after receipt of the acceptance letter/ verifying the status ofthe application online.

15. Will a duplicate certificate of registration as OCI will be issued?

Yes. For this purpose, an application has to be made to the Indian Mission / Post with evidence for loss ofcertificate. In case of mutilated/damaged certificate an application has to be made enclosing the same. Theapplications in both the cases have to be made to the same Indian Mission / Post which issued the certificatealongwith with payment of fee of US $ 25 or equivalent in local currency.

16. Will a new OCI visa sticker be issued on the new foreign passport after the expiry of the oldpassport?

Yes. On payment of requisite fee, a new OCI 'U' visa sticker will be issued. However, the application cancontinue to carry the old passport for visiting India without seeking a new visa, as the visa is for lifelong.

17. Can a person holding OCI travel to protected area/restricted area without permission?

No. He/she will be required to seek PAP/RAP (Protected/Restricted Area Permission) for such visits.

18. Would the Indian civil/criminal laws be applicable to persons registered as OCI?

Yes. For the period OCI is living in India.

19. Can a person registered as OCI be granted Indian citizenship?

Yes. As per the provisions of Section 5(1) (g) of the Citizenship Act, 1955, a person who is registered as OCIfor 5 years and residing in India for 1 year out of the aforementioned 5 year, is eligible to apply for Indiancitizenship.

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20. Will OCI be granted gratis to certain categories of people?

No.

21. Can OCI be granted to foreign nationals who are not eligible for OCI, but married to personswho are eligible for OCI?

No.

22. Will foreign-born children of PIOs be eligible to become OCI?

Yes, provided one of the parent is eligible to become OCI.

23. What are the advantages of OCI when compared to PIO cardholders?

OCI is entitled to life long visa free travel to India whereas for PIO cardholder, it is for 15 years.

PIO cardholder is required to register with the local police authority for stay exceeding 180 days in India onany single visit whereas OCI is exempted from registration with police authority for any length of stay inIndia.

25. Whether an OCI be entitled to apply for and obtain a normal Indian passport, which is given toa citizen of India?

No. Indian Passport is given only to Indian citizen.

26. Whether nationals of commonwealth countries are eligible for OCI?

Yes, if they fulfil the eligibility criteria.

27. Can a person renounce OCI?

Yes. He/she has to declare intention of renunciation in Form XXII to the Indian Mission /Post where OCIregistration was granted. After receipt of the declaration, the Indian Mission/Post shall issue anacknowledgement in Form XXII A.

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5.2 PIO CARD

THE PIO CARD SCHEME

In a significant step towards granting dual citizenship to Overseas Indians, the Government approved theperson of Indian origin (PIO) card scheme to permit all such individuals visa-free entry into the country.

Definition of Person of Indian Origin (PIO)

"Person of Indian Origin" means a foreign citizen [not being a citizen of Pakistan, Bangladesh and othercountries as may be specified by the central government from time to time] if,

i. He/she at any time held an Indian passport;

ii. He/she or either of his/her parents or grand parents or great grand parents was born in andpermanently resident in India as defined in the Government of India Act, 1935 and other territoriesthat became part of India thereafter provided neither was at any time a citizen of any of the specifiedcountries; or

iii. He/she is a spouse of a citizen of India or a person of Indian origin covered under (i) or (ii)above.

Procedure for Application for PIO Card

The card would be issued to eligible applicants through the concerned Indian Embassies/ High Commission/ Consulates (Annexure II) and for those staying in India on a long term visa, from the concerned ForeignersRegional Registration Officer (Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai) and also from the Ministry of Home Affairs,Foreigners Division, Lok Nayak Bhawan, Khan Market, New Delhi-110003.

The fees for the card, which will have a validity of 15 years, would be Rs.15, 000/- and for the minor (below18 years), the fees is Rs.7,500/-.

Benefits of Person of Indian Origin (PIO) Card Scheme

Besides making their journey back to their roots simpler, easier and smoother, this scheme entitles the PIOsto a wide range of economic, financial, educational and cultural benefits.

The benefits envisaged under the scheme include:-

(i) No requirement of visa to visit India;

(ii) No separate "Student Visa" or "Employment Visa" required for admission in colleges/ institution or fortaking up employment respectively;

(iii) No requirement to register with the Foreigners Registration Officer if continuous stay does not exceed180 days. Registration is required to be done within a period of 30 days after expiry of 180 days;

(iv) Parity with Non-Resident Indians in respect of facilities available to the latter in economic, financial,educational fields, etc. These facilities will include:

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(a) Acquisition , holding, transfer and disposal of immovable properties in India except for agricultural/plantation properties;

(b) Admission of children in educational institution in India under the general category quota forNRIs-including medical/engineering colleges, IITs, IIMs etc.;

(c) Various housing schemes of Life Insurance Corporation of India, State Government and otherGovernment agencies;

(d) Special counters at the immigration check post for speedy clearance.

(v) All future benefits that would be extended to NRIs would also be made to PIO Card holders

(vi) They however cannot enjoy political rights in India.

Issue of Gratis PIO Card

Gratis PIO Card may be issued to an exceptionally eminent person of Indian Origin, who plays an importantrole in building bridges between India and the country of his/her adoption, if he/she expresses a desire toobtain the PIO Card.

Duplicate PIO Card

Duplicate PIO Card can be obtained in case of loss, etc., on a request supported by FIR and other documents.A duplicate PIO Card shall be issued on depositing a fee of US $ 100. Duplicate PIO Cards will be issued bythe same office that issued the original one.

PIO cards issued earlier as per PIO Card Scheme for US $1000 will continue to remain valid withoutany extra fee, with validity extendable by 10 more years.

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Comparative chart on NRI/PIO/PIO CARD HOLDERS/OCI

NRI PIO PIO Card holder OCI

1. Who? An Indian A person who A person registered A person registered ascitizen who or whose any as PIO card Overseas Citizen ofis ordinarily of ancestors was Holder under India (OCI) under sectionresiding an Indian MHA's scheme 7A of the citizenshipoutside India national and who vide Notification Act,1955and holds an is presently No. 26011/4/98-F.IIndian passport holding another dated 19.08.2002.

country'scitizenship/nationality i.e.he/she isholding foreignpassport

2. Who is - - Any person who A foreign national, whoeligible? at any time held an was eligible to become

Indian passport; or citizen of India onhe or either of his 26.01.1950 or was aparents or grand citizen of India on or atparents was born in anytime after 26.01.1950or was permanently or belonged to a territoryresident in India as that become part ofdefined in government India after 15.08.1947of India Act, 1935 and his/her children andand other territories grand children is eligiblethat become part of for registration asIndia thereafter overseas citizen of Indiaprovided neither was at (OCI ) Minor children ofany time a citizen of such person are alsoAfghanistan, Bhutan, eligible for OCI.China, Nepal, Pakistan However, if theand Sri Lanka, Or who applicant had ever been ais a spouse of a citizen citizen of Pakistan orof India or a person of Bangladesh, he/she willIndian origin as not be eligible for OCI..mentioned above.

3. How can - - Eligible persons to Eligible persons to applyone get? apply in the prescribed on line /down load

form alongwith application form fromenclosures.Form MHA's website:available on MHA's www.mha.nic.in.website: www.mha.nic.in.

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4. Where to - - To the Indian Mission/ To the Indian Mission/apply? Post in the country Post of the country of

where the applicant is applicant's citizenship orordinarily resident; if where he/she is not in thein India on long term country of citizenship, tovisa (more than one the Indian Mission/Postyear), to the FRRO, of the country in whichDelhi, Mumbai, he/she is ordinarilyKolkata, Amritsar, resident. If the applicantCHIO, Chennai or to is in India he/she canthe joint secretary apply to the FRRO at(foreigners),MHA. Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata,

Amritsar, CHIO, Chennaior to the Under Secretary,OCI Cell, CitizenshipSection ForeignersDivision, Ministry ofHome Affairs, JaisalmerHouse, 26 MansinghRoad, New Delhi-110011.

5. Fees? - - Rs. 15000/- or US $ 275 or equivalent inequivalent in local local currency. In case ofcurrency for adults. PIO card holders, it is USFor the children upto $ 25 or equivalent in localthe age of 18 years, currency.the fee is Rs. 7500/-or equivalent in localcurrency.

6. Which - - PIO of all countries PIOs of all countriesnationals except Afghanistan, except Pakistan andare eligible? Bangladesh, Bhutan, Bangladesh.

China, Nepal,Pakistan and SriLanka

7. What All benefits No specific (1)Shall not require (1)A multiple entry multi-benefits one as available benefits. a separate visa to purpose life longis entitled to Indian visit India. visa for visitingto? citizen (2) Will be exempt India.

subject to from the requirements (2)Exemption fromnotification of registration if his/ registration with localissued by the her stay on any police authority for anyGovernment single visit in India length of stay in India.from time to does not exceed (3)Parity with nontime. 180 days. resident Indians (NRIs) in

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(3) In the respect of economicsevent of continuous financial and educationalstay in India fields except in relation toexceeding 180 days, the acquisition ofhe/she shall have to agricultural or plantationget himself/herself properties. No parity shallregistered within be allowed in the sphere30 days of the of political rights.expiry of 180 days Any other benefit towith the concerned OCIs will be notified byFRRO/FRO. the Ministry of Overseas(4) Parity with NRIs in Indian Affairs (MOIA)respect of all facilities under section 7B (1) ofavailable to the later the Citizenship Act 1955.in the economic,financial andeducational fieldsexcepts in matersrelating to theacquisition ofa*gricultural/plantation properties.No parity shall beallowed in the sphereof political rights.

8. Does No Yes and of Can visit India Can visit India withouthe/she specific type without visa for visa for life long.require depending on 15 year from thevisa for his /her date of issuevisiting purpose of of PIO card.India? visit.

9.Is he No Yes Yes, one time when Norequired the stay in Indiato register exceeds 180 dayswith local for the first timepoliceauthoritiesin India

10. What All Activity as All activities except All activities exceptactivities activities specified in mountaineering, mountaineering,can be the visa missionary and missionary and researchunder research work and work and existing PAP/taken in existing PAP/ RAP which requireIndia? RAP which require specific permit

specific permit.

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11.How can He/she is As per As per section 5 (1) Registered OCI may beone acquire an Indian section 5 (1) (a) & 5(1) (c) of the granted IndianIndian citizen (a) & 5(1) Citizenship Act, he/ citizenship after 5 years

(c) of the she has to reside in from date of registrationCitizenship India for minimum provided he/she stays forAct, he/ 7 years before making one year in India beforecitizenship application for granting making applicationshe has to Indian citizenshipreside inIndia forminimum7 years beforemakingapplicationfor grantingIndiancitizenship

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5.3 OTHER IMPORTANT SCHEMES OF THE MINISTRY

1. E-remittance gateway

Overseas Indians have limited choice of either using the fast but expensive facility or the economic butrelatively slow facility to remit money back home. Keeping this in view, the ministry has partnered with theUTI bank to develop an integrated, universal, electronic remittance gateway that combines the virtues ofeconomy, speed and convenience. This portal will also extend advisory services on investment, taxation andreal estate to potential and interested overseas Indians, which would enable overseas Indians to remit moneyto India to designated accounts in any of the14,500 bank branches, operating on Real Time Gross Settlement(RTGS) network of the RBI. The facility is operational between Doha and India at present. In the last twomonths over 9000 remittances totaling about Rs 8040 lakhs have been made. The advisory services are fullyoperational and are available on the www.overseasindian.in portal. The remittance gateway is targeted to befully operational in the GCC countries, to begin with by January 2007.

2. AAPI India Health Initiative

A MOU was signed with the American Association of Physicians of Indian Origin during the Pravasi BharatiyaDivas 2006. The main objective of the scheme is to promote, establish and operate primary health careproject through public private partnership with AAPI. The focus of the scheme will be to implementinnovative and best practices to enhance access to healthcare, extend education and training to trainers andother health workers for promotion of preventive health care practices in five diseases entities - Heartdisease, Deafness in children, Diabetes, Carcinoma Cervix and Prostate cancer by leveraging the knowledge,skills and resources of AAPI and its members.

The project would develop best practice guidelines for delivery of health care in the pilot villages which willbe replicated by in the other areas. The scheme would initiate capacity building of the community to ensureprescribed health care standards in primary health care.

The scheme will be implemented in partnership with the AAPI in the selected states of Bihar and AndhraPradesh. To begin with pilot projects will be initiated in one village in all the districts of both the states. Thefunding will be done by the Central Government and Partner states while AAPI will be the knowledgepartner. To achieve the objectives intensive training of trainers from primary to tertiary level will be organizedby AAPI in collaboration with local partners.

3. PRAVASI BHARATIYA BIMA YOJANA, 2006

A compulsory Insurance Scheme for the emigrants going abroad for employment known as Pravasi BharatiyaBima Yojana (PBBY) 2003 came into force from 25.12.2003. The PBBY, 2003 has now been upgraded asthe Pravasi Bhartiya Bima Yojana, 2006 to provide broader coverage to the emigrant workers. The PBBY,2006 has come into effect from 01.02.2006. The emigrant workers will now get a minimum insurance coverof Rs. 5 lakhs (instead of Rs. 2 lakhs) and the policy will be for the entire period of employment contract. Anadditional cover of Rs. 25,000/- for the legal expenses incurred by the emigrants in connection with theiremployment has also been included. The salient features of the PBBY, 2006 are listed below:

· The Pravasi Bhartiya Bima Yojana, 2006 provides for an insurance cover of a minimum sum of Rs. 5.00lakhs payable to the nominee/legal heir in the event of death or permanent disability of any Indian

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emigrant who goes abroad for employment purpose after obtaining emigration clearance from theconcerned Protector of Emigrants (POE).

· In the case of death, besides the cost of transporting the dead body, the Insurance Company shall alsoreimburse the cost incurred on one-way airfare of one attendant.

· If a worker is not received by the employer on his arrival to the destination abroad or there is anysubstantive change in Employment Contract to his disadvantage or if the employment is pre-maturelyterminated within the period of employment for no fault of the emigrant, the Insurance Company shallreimburse one way economy class airfare provided the grounds of repatriation are certified by theconcerned Indian Mission/Post.

· In cases where the Indian Mission/Post arranges the repatriation, the Insurance Company shall re-imburse the actual expenses to the concerned Indian Mission/Post.

· The Insured person shall be reimbursed actual one way economy class airfare by the Insurance Companyif he falls sick or is declared medically unfit to commence or continue working and the service contractis terminated by the Foreign Employer within twelve months of taking the insurance.

· The Insurance Policy shall be valid for a minimum period of two years or the actual period of contract,whichever is longer.

· The Insurance Policy shall also provide medical cover of a minimum of Rs. 50,000/- as cash-lesshospitalization and/or reimbursem*nt of actual medical expenses of the insured emigrant workers ongrounds of accidental injuries and/or sickness/ailments/diseases occurring during the period of insurancewhether in India or in the country of his employment.

· An insured person shall be covered for a minimum sum of Rs. 25,000/- in connection with the legalexpenses incurred by him in any litigation relating to his/her employment.

· The Insurance Policy shall also provide maternity benefits, subject to a minimum cover of Rs. 20,000/- in case of women emigrants. In case of medical treatment in the country of employment, the maternitybenefits would be provided if the concerned Indian Mission/Post certifies the requisite documents.

· The family of emigrant worker in India consisting of spouse and two dependent children up to twentyone years of age shall be entitled to hospitalization cover in the event of death or permanent disabilityof the insured person for a maximum amount or Rs. 25,000/- per annum.

· The Insurance Companies shall charge fair and reasonable premium. Service tax will be charged asapplicable.

4. PRE- DEPARTURE ORIENTATION AND SKILL UPGRADATION OFEMIGRANT WORKERS

The scheme of Pre Departure Orientation & Awareness programme for workers and skill upgradation ofIndian Workers is started by the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs to impart orientation training and toupgrade the skills of Indian Workers intended to go abroad to give them competitive edge over the workersfrom other countries.

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In the changing competitive environment of world economy Indian workers were going abroad are slowlylosing their jobs to the more skilled workers coming from other countries. The orientation programme andskill up gradation training will help Indian workers retain their jobs and also enable them to earn more wagesand return more money as remittance in the country. There would be inputs on human behavior, recruitment,visa and emigration procedures as well as elementary inputs in bookkeeping

The scheme is implemented through the state Government labour departments and overseas manpowercorporations who will arrange the training of the potential overseas Indian workers. MOIA will give fundsupto Rs. 1 crore to each of the participating state during the financial year for the training of at most 10,000workers.

5. SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAMME FOR DIASPORA CHILDREN (SPDC)

The specific objective of the Scholarship Scheme is to make higher education in India accessible to thechildren of Overseas Indians and publicise India as an education hub. Through this scheme, it is hopedthat the students selected for such scholarships would become brand ambassadors for India and itseducational institutions. Under the proposed Scholarship Scheme, Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs(MOIA) provides 100 scholarships to Indian students each year starting from 2006-07. The students areselected on the basis of an entrance test conducted by M/s Educational Consultants India Limited (Ed.CIL),an autonomous body under MHRD with whom the Ministry is working on a partnership basis. Childrenfrom developing countries where there are no extant educational facilities or have less opportunities forhigher studies and where there are large concentration of the diaspora are targetted. The scholarshipamount provided in 2006-07 would cover approximately 60-70% of the tuition fees, depending on thecourses selected.

6. KNOW INDIA PROGRAMME (KIP)

The Know India Programme (KIP) is an on-going programme of the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs,which aims at associating closely the younger generation of the Indian Diaspora with India. It provides aunique forum for students and young professionals of Indian origin to share their views, expectations andexperience and bond closely with contemporary India. This is a 3-week comprehensive orientation programmeorganized by the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs. Participants are expected to make full use of this timeand the opportunities given by way of connection extensively with each segment in the programme. TheMinistry proposes to organize KIP 3-4 times a year including the one with Pravasi Bharatiya Divas held everyyear on 9 January.

Under KIP, full local hospitality is provided by the Government. Selected Interns are received and seen offat the airport. They have to pay only the international airfare. The Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairsissues a circular to all Indian Missions/Posts abroad in this regard. Interested students and young professionalsfrom Indian diaspora should get in touch with the Indian Mission/Post nearer to them for detailed informationin this regard. The age of the Intern should be between 18 and 25 years. The main objectives of the programare to create awareness about the phenomenal transformation taking place in India and the country's progressfrom just a destination for culture, heritage and art to an emerging powerhouse in the global economicsystem, build linkages to bridge the information gap and to prepare a blueprint for creating a sustainedmechanism for engaging the Diaspora youth with India.

OTHER IMPORTANT MATTERS

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7. SOCIAL SECURITY AGREEMENTS

The Ministry signed a Social Security Agreement (SSA) on November 3, 2006 with Belgium furtherstrengthening bilateral economic cooperation between the two countries. The importance of this agreementis that it is a bilateral instrument that best meets the needs of a rapidly globalising economy such as Indiawhere there is increasing circular movement of technically qualified and trained persons with other countries.

The Social Security Agreement negotiated by the Ministry Of Overseas Indian Affairs with Belgium providesfor the following benefits to Indians and Belgians working in each other's countries:

1. Those working on a short-term contract of up to sixty months are exempted from social securitycontributions in the host country provided they continue to make social security payments in theirhome countries.

2. Those who live and work for periods longer than sixty months and make social security contributionsunder the host country laws will be entitled to the export of the social security benefits should theyrelocate to the home country on completion of their contract or on retirement.

3. These benefits will also be available to employees sent by a company to the host country from a thirdcountry.

4. Self-employed Indians in Belgium contributing to the Belgian social security system will be entitled tothe export of social security benefits should they choose to relocate to India.

The Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs is already negotiating similar agreements with countries like TheNetherlands and France.

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5.4 BAGGAGE RULES AND VISA RULES

BAGGAGE RULES

Baggage Rules is an aspect of customs network which the common man going abroad or returning fromabroad has to deal with at customs.

Under the General Baggage Rules,

(1) used personal effects, and

(2) new articles up to a value of Rs. 12,000/- per adult passenger ( Rs. 25,000/- if the person returnsto India after more than three days) are exempt.

A lower Free Allowance of Rs. 6,000/- is allowed to passengers coming ( after 3 days) from Nepal, Bhutan,Burma or China provided they do not come across land borders with these countries.

Passengers returning from Pakistan by road are allowed duty free baggage up to Rs. 12,000/-.

For child passengers (below 10 years of age), free allowance is 50% of the allowance admissible to an adultpassenger of that category.

The General Free Allowance of passenger is not clubbable with similar allowance of another passenger ( forexample, husband or wife or any other relative traveling with the passenger ) to permit clearance of a costlyarticle of baggage.

Laptop computer ( computer notebook ) brought by a passenger of the age of 18 years and above has beenexempted w.e.f from 9-1-2004.

Alcoholic liquor or wines up to two litres, 200 cigarettes and jewellery upto Rs. 20,000/- for a lady and Rs.10,000/- for a gentleman can be brought as part of the free baggage allowance. Import of cinematographyfilms, exposed but not developed, brought as part of baggage has also been made duty free.

In case a single article exceeding the limit of Rs. 12,000 ( or Rs. 25,000 in value) is brought, 35% flat rate ofduty with no SAD or CVD is payable on excess value. 40% without SAD & CVD is also the effective rate ofduty for any article of bona fide baggage brought in excess of free allowance except for fire arms, cartridgesof fire arms exceeding 50 and excess cigarettes, cigars or tobacco.

But in terms of exemption Notification No. 49/96-Cus., dated 23-7-1996, specified goods covered underlisted Headings and Notifications therein attract merit rate ( as applicable to cargo) even if imported asbaggage. Conditions, if any, prescribed in the listed Notification will apply to imports under baggage also.Free allowance is restricted in case of visit to contiguous countries like Maldives, Sri Lanka, Nepal andBhutan.

'Baggage' does not include motor vehicle, fire arms and goods of commercial nature or in commercial quantities.

There are value/ quantity restrictions on bringing jewellery, cigarettes and liquor. However, primary gold upto ten kgs. per passenger and silver up to one hundred kgs. per passenger can be imported on payment ofnormal duties in convertible foreign exchange provided the concerned passenger is coming to India after at

OTHER IMPORTANT MATTERS

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least six months' stay abroad. For crew members of a vessel or aircraft, free allowance for petty gifts isRs 600/-.

Transfer of Residence

In the case of passengers transferring their residence to India after stay abroad of two years or more,personal and household effects in use abroad and six new specified household gadgets are exempt fromduty but 15 % flat duty without SAD has to be paid on 17 listed articles of consumer durables withinvalue ceiling of 5 lakhs. In the case of transfer of residence after stay abroad of at least one year, otherpersonal and household effects in use abroad and not exceeding Rs. 75,000/- in aggregate value can bebrought in free. In addition, there are free allowances of varying value for professional artisans comingto India after 3 months/6 months ( duty free household article worth Rs. 12,000/- and professionalequipment worth Rs. 20,000/- /40,000/).

Allowance for gifts as well as for travel souvenirs in the case of foreign tourists is Rs. 8,000/-( Rs.6,000/- in the case of tourists from Pakistan origin), apart from personal effects in use of the tourist. Peak rateof duty for baggage goods of Heading 98.03 is 150% non-bona fide baggage is in addition to fine andpenalty.

Foreign Travel Tax and Inland Air Travel Tax have been exempted for all passengers with effect from 9-1-2004.

Passengers not carrying any dutiable goods can walk through the Green Channel. Others are requiredto come to the Red Channel and report at customs counter. There are now no restrictions on resale ofbaggage goods.

Passengers importing / exporting commercial samples as accompanied baggage should follow theprocedure laid down in this behalf. If an importer is desirous of paying duty on an article at the cargorate but by mistake he has brought the said article as baggage, he can rectify the error by filling anapplication before the authorities along with submission of a bill of entry (Collector v. A.K.Dhawan).

Please visit the website www.cbec.gov.in for the complete Baggage Rules 1998.

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Type of Visa Other requirements/conditionsTourist Visa NilTransit Visa Copy of airline ticketsEntry Visa Issued to People of Indian Origin onlyBusiness Visa Letter from the sponsoring organization indicating nature of applicant's

business, probable duration of stay, validity of visa, places and organizationsto be visited and also a guarantee to meet maintenance expenses etc.

Employment Visa Contract with the employerStudent Visa A letter confirming admission to the institution along with evidence of

financial arrangements for stay in India.In case of admission in medical orparamedical courses in India, NOC from Ministry of Health, Govt. ofIndia.In case of admission in graduate or post graduate courses in engineering/technical institutions in India, NOC from Ministry of Human ResourcesDevelopment (Department of Education)

Research Visa Approval of Ministry of Human Resource DevelopmentJournalist Visa Given to professional journalists and photographers for upto three months

say in IndiaConference Visa Letter of invitation from the organizer of the conference

UNITED KINGDOM

Visa application forms (available at http://www.hcilondon.net) should be accompanied for all types ofvisas by two photographs and applicant's original passport should have validity of six months.

Type of Visa Other requirements/conditionsTourist Visa NilBusiness Visa Letter explaining the nature of business and duration from UK company

and letter of invitation from an Indian CompanyConference Visa Letter of invitation from the conference organizerTransit Visa Evidence of onward travel outside India is requiredEntry Visa Issued to People of Indian Origin onlyLong Term Visa This settlement visa is issued to people of Indian originStudent Visa Letter of admission from recognized educational institution with duration

of the courseJournalist Visa Letter from employer where applicableEmployment Visa An employment contract signed by both the parties should be submitted

OTHER IMPORTANT MATTERS

VISA RULES

GENERAL VISA REQUIREMENTS FOR ENTRY / STAY IN INDIA

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Visa application forms (available at www.indiacgny.org) should be accompanied for all types of visasby two photographs and applicant's original passport should have validity of six months.

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MAURITIUS

Visa application forms (available at http://indiahighcom.intnet.mu) should be accompanied for alltypes of visas by three passport size photographs, photocopy of confirmed return air ticket andapplicant's original passport should have validity of six months.

Note: the above VISA rules are not applicable to the holders of diplomatic and official passport.

MALAYSIA

Visa application forms (available at http://www.indianhighcommission.com.my) should beaccompanied for all types of visas by three photographs and applicant's original passport should havevalidity of six months.

Type of Visa Proof/ Other requirements/conditionsTourist Visa Hotel booking in cities intended to travel in IndiaTravellers cheques or

receipt of exchange of money in the name of applicant $50 per day perperson for stay in India or notarized letter of sponsorship from person residingin India, guaranteeing all expenses of stay, travel etc of the applicant inIndia or Credit Cards accompanied by covering letter of Bank

Business Visa Business in MauritiusLetter from company in Mauritius showing exact natureof business to be transacted and details of person deputed for the purposeandLetter from company in India, indicating the details of person, visitingIndia and the nature of Business

Education Visa for freshers Eligibility certificate from concerned universityNilStudent Visa Extension Eligibility certificate from concerned universityPhotocopy of college Identity

Card, Bonafide certificate, Residence permit photocopy

SOUTH AFRICA

Visa application forms (available at http://www.indconjoburg.co.za) should be accompanied for alltypes of visas by two photographs, original passport (South Africa or any other country), one airticket copy (except two for business visa) and birth certificate/South African ID.

Type of Visa Other requirements/conditionsTourist Visa NilBusiness Visa Two copies of invitation letter from India and two copies of letter from

South African companyStudy Visa Letter from School, Institution or college (Duration of study must be

mentioned)Employment Visa Employment Letter from company and letter of NOC from Ministry of

Labour, IndiaSports Visa Invitation Letter from India

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Type of Visa Other requirements/conditions

Tourist Visa Letter of recommendation from sponsor

Business Visa Letter of request from business establishment in Saudi Arabia

Transit Visa Letter of recommendation from sponsor

Student Visa Provisional admission letter from recognized educational institution in India.Letter of financial support/guardian along with a bank guarantee worthSaudi riyals Seven Thousand. Letter of recommendation from sponsor

Visa to visit relatives or Names and complete addresses of relatives to be visited in India. Medicalfor Medical Treatment Reports/Hospital References in case of medical treatment. Letter of

recommendation from sponsor.

Employment Visa Copy of contract signed with the employer in India or letter regarding offerof ppointment in India. Letter of recommendation from sponsor.

Diplomatic/Official Visa Note verbale from the applicant's embassy indicating the purpose of the visit

CANADA

Visa application forms (available at http://www.hciottawa.ca) should be accompanied for all types ofvisas by one photograph for the business visa and two photographs for the rest and a valid passport.

Type of Visa Others requirements/conditions

Business Visa Letter from the applicant's company stating the purpose of visit and anotherletter from Indian company inviting the applicant Additional BusinessInformation Sheet to be filled in

Student Visa Letter of admission from Government of India recognized school/institution

Long Term Visa Sufficient reason with documentary proof for granting long term visa

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

Visa application forms (available at www.indianembassy.org.sa) should be accompanied for all typesof visas by two photographs, Saudi exit/re-entry visa on the passport and applicant's original passportshould have validity of two months beyond the validity of visa,

Type of Visa Other requirements/conditions

Transit Visa Confirmed Air Ticket

Tourist Visa Nil

Business Visa Proof of business in India

Student Visa Proof of admission in recognized institution in India

Employee Visa Proof of employment in India

Other Visa Consult the counter

OTHER IMPORTANT MATTERS

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5.5 FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

1.What are the forms in which businesses can be conducted by a foreign company in India?

Ans. Foreign companies can make investments or operate their business in a number of ways such as Liaison/Representative Office, Project Office, Branch Office, 100% Wholly owned subsidiary and Joint venturecompany. The requisite approval can be granted by Reserve Bank of India (RBI) or Foreign Investmentpromotion Board (FIPB). Any company set up with FDI has to be incorporated under the Indian CompaniesAct with the Registrar of Companies, Department of Company Affairs and all Indian operations would beconducted through this company.

2. What proposals require an Industrial Licence (IL) and how is it obtained?

Ans. In the New Industrial Policy, all industrial undertakings are exempt from licensing except for thoseindustries given in Annexure I and II and those reserved for the Small Scale Sector. The project should not belocated within 25 kilometres of a city with a population of more than one million as per 1991 PopulationCensus.

The Government has substantially liberalised the procedures for obtaining an Industrial Licence. The applicationin form IL-FC should be filed with the SIA. Approvals normally granted within 6-8 weeks.

3. What is the procedure for a delicensed sector?

Ans.An Industrial undertaking exempted from licensing needs only to file information in the IndustrialEntrepreneurs Memorandum (IEM) with the SIA, which will issue an acknowledgement. No further approvalsare required.

4. What is the Taxation Policy in India?

Ans. Foreign nationals working in India are generally taxed only on their Indian income.Income receivedfrom sources outside India is not taxable unless it is received in India.The Indian tax laws provide for exemptionof tax on certain kinds of income earned for services rendered in India. Further, foreign nationals have theoption of being taxed under the tax treaties that India may have signed with their country of residence.

5. What are the important Labour Rules/ Regulations applicable in India?

Ans. Under the Constitution of India, Labour is a subject in the Concurrent List where both the Central &State Governments are competent to enact legislation subject to certain matters being reserved for theCentre. Some of the important Labour Acts, which are applicable for carrying out business in India, are

§ Employees- Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952

§ Employees- State Insurance Act 1948

§ Workmen�s Compensation Act, 1923

§ Maternity Benefit Act, 1961

§ Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972

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§ Factories Act, 1948

§ Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) Act, 1986

§ Mines Act, 1972

§ Minimum Wages Act

§ Payment of Bonus Act 1965

§ Contract Labour [Regulation & Abolition] Act 1970

§ Payment of Wages Act, 1936

6. What is the situation regarding Intellectual Property Rights protection in India?

Ans. India is a signatory to the agreement concluding the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations andestablishing the World Trade Organisation (WTO). This Agreement, inter-alia, contains an Agreement onTrade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), which came into force from 1st January 1995.It lays down minimum standards for protection and enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights in membercountries, which are required to promote effective and adequate protection of Intellectual Property Rightswith a view to reducing distortions and impediments to international trade. The obligations under the TRIPSAgreement relate to provision of minimum standards of protection within the member country�s legal systemsand practices.

As regards the status of various Intellectual Property laws in India and standards in respect of various areasof intellectual property, alaw on Trade Marks has been passed by Parliament and notified in the gazette on30.12.1999. This law repeals and replaces the earlier Trade & Merchandise Act, 1958. A new law for theprotection of Geographical Indications, viz., the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and theProtection) Act, 1999 has also been passed by the Parliament and notified on 30.12.1999. The Rules requiredunder the Act were notified vide Notification No. G.S.R. 176 (E) dated 8th March, 2002. The Act and theRules have been brought into force simultaneously with the setting up of Intellectual Property AppellateBoard (IPAB) under the Trade Marks Act, 1999 on September 15, 2003. Alaw called the Designs Act, 2000relating to Industrial Designs which repeals and replaces the earlierDesigns Act, 1911 has also been passedby Parliament in its Budget Session, 2000. The Act has been brought into force from 11.05.2001.A Bill onPatents to amend the Patents Act, 1970 was passed by Parliament on 14.05.2002. The amendment to thepatent law has been made operational in May 2003.

7. Is Investment by Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) permitted?

Ans. The Government attaches importance to investments by NRIs. Government has provided a liberalisedpolicy framework for approval of NRI investments through both the Automatic and the Government route.NRIs are permitted to invest up to 100% equity in the Real Estate and Civil Aviation Sectors. AutomaticApproval is given by the RBI to all NRI proposals with their investment up to 100% for all items/activitiesexcept a few exceptions mentioned in Press Note 2 (2000 series) read with sector specific guidelines.Government approval is given for all proposals not qualifying for Automatic Approval.

OTHER IMPORTANT MATTERS

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8. Can profits, dividends, royalty, know how payments be repatriated from India?

Ans. All profits, dividends, royalty, know how payments that have been approved by the Government/RBIcan be repatriated. Some sectors like investment in development of integrated township, NRI Investment inreal estates, etc. may attract a lock-in period.

9. What are the formalities a joint venture company has to complete to increase the foreign equityholding?

Ans: The following formalities are required for the joint ventures that want to increase in their foreignequity holding by acquisition of shares or by any other means.

a) If only the quantum of foreign equity increased without change in percentage then Press Note no.7 (1999 series) may be followed.

b) For increase in percentage of foreign equity by way of expansion of capital base, automatic routeor FIPB / Government route would apply depending upon the nature of proposal in terms of PressNote No. 2 (2000 series)

c) Cases involving increase in percentage in foreign equity by way of acquiring existing shares in anIndian company would necessarily require prior approval of FIPB/Government.

d) In cases involving inclusion of an additional foreign collaborator, guidelines laid down in PressNote No. 18 (1998 series) would have to be satisfied.

10. What is the policy of conversion of non-repatriable shares into repatriable shares?

Ans. FIPB approval is required. Where original investment was made in foreign exchange, the change isallowed without any conditions; if not, the sale proceed will have to be repatriated to India by opening anNRO account.

11. What is the mechanism for publicizing the changes in the FDI Policies?

Ans. Changes in FDI policies are brought out in the form of Press Notes by Department of Industrial Policy& Promotion (DIPP). Soon after releasing the Press Notes to the media, it is also loaded on the Departmentalwebsite (http://dipp.nic.in).

The detailed guidelines regarding the Indian investment abroad may be seen at the website (www.iic.nic.in)of India Investment Centre, Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance.

12. What is International Centre for Alternative Dispute Resolution (ICADR)?

Ans. International Centre for Alternative Dispute Resolution (ICADR) has been established as an autonomousorganization under the aegis of Ministry of Law, Justice and Company Affairs to promote settlement ofdomestic and international disputes by different modes of alternate dispute resolution. ICADR has itsheadquarters in New Delhi and has regional office in Lucknow and Hyderabad. More information on ICADRcan be obtained from the website:

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13. What are the regulation for companies exporting and importing products from /into India?

(A) Exports:

Reserve Bank has made the Foreign Exchange Management (Export of Goods and Services) Regulations,2000 relating to export of goods and services from India, notified vide Notification No. FEMA 23/2000-RB, dated 3rd May, 2000; as amended from time to time.

The basic requirements under the exchange control regulations are that the exports are to be declared in :

§ GR (for all export transactions other than through the postal channel),

§ PP (for transactions through the postal channel) and

§ Softex forms (for software exports).

(i) Exemptions from Declarations

The requirement of declaration of export of goods and software in prescribed form will not apply in certaincases such as

§ Goods sent for testing abroad, subject to re-import.

§ Gift of goods exceeding rupees one lakh in value require approval of the Reserve Bank.

§ For export promotion subject to a specific ceiling (Rs. 5 lakhs).

Import trade is regulated by the Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) under Ministry of Commerce& Industry, Department of Commerce, Government of India.Authorised dealers, while undertaking importtransactions, should ensure that the imports into India are in conformity with the Export Import Policy inforce and relevant provisions of FEMA.

(i) Import Licenses

Authorised dealers are allowed to open letters of credit and allow remittances for import of goods unlessthey are included in the negative list requiring licence under the EXIM Policy in force.

Detailed FAQs on Export / Import are available on the DIPP web site (http://dipp.nic.in)

14. What is the procedure to be followed upon change of Residential Status?

Ans.Upon change of residential status, intimation should be given to the bankers about the change ofResidential Status, so that the existing NRE, NRO or FCNR account is designated as a Resident Account,with tenure and interest rates remaining unchanged and When a person resident in India becomes a Non-Resident, so that the existing account is designated as a Non-Resident Ordinary Account (NRO).

15. If any permission from RBI is required to acquire or transfer agricultural land / plantationproperty/ farm house by a person resident outside India or a foreign national, to whom should theapplication be made? Is there any prescribed form for the application?

Ans. All requests for acquisition or transfer of agricultural land /plantation property/farm house by anyperson resident outside India or a foreign national may be made to the Chief General Manager, Reserve Bank

OTHER IMPORTANT MATTERS

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of India, Central Office, Exchange Control Department, Foreign Investment Division (III), Mumbai-400001 (India). No application form has been prescribed.

16. Is there any restriction on number of residential properties that may be purchased by an NRI?Is there any restriction on period of holding for such properties?

Ans. There are no restrictions on number of residential properties that may be bought by an NRI. However,repatriation is allowed only in respect of two such properties and that, too, after three years from date ofacquisition of such property or from date of payment of final instalment, whichever is later.

17. Can NRI repatriate the full consideration upon the sale of his property?

Ans. India is a fully convertible on current account and partial on capital account. Remittance of saleproceed is limited to the cost of property only and the amount of gain on sale of property, can not berepatriated.

18. Is there any general prohibition from accepting any foreign contribution?

Ans. Yes, the following categories of persons are prohibited from accepting any foreign contribution either,directly or indirectly or through any other person (which includes Non Resident Indian citizen for the benefitsof such categories of person:

(a) candidate for election

(b) correspondent, columnist, cartoonist, editor, owner, printer or publisher of a registered newspaper,

(c) Judge, Government Servant or employee of any government corporation / undertaking,

(d) Member of any Legislature,

(e) Political party or office bearer thereof.

However, certain exemption from general prohibition has been granted in Sec 8 of FCRA.

19. Should an association /trust/society get registered under the F.C.R.Act?

Ans. An association /trust/ society having definite culture, economic, educational, religious, or socialprogramme cannot accept foreign contribution unless it registers itself with the Central Government byapplying in Form No FC- 8 or gets prior permission by applying in Form FC-1A.

The Form has to be submitted to Ministry of Home Affairs, Lok Ayut Bhavan , Khan Market, New Delhi.The registration process takes at least 5/6 months to complete while permission process takes 90 days.

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5.6 LIST OF IMPORTANT WEBSITESWebsite addresses of Important Ministers/Departments

Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs http://moia.gov.inDepartment of Biotechnology http://dbtindia.nic.inBureau of Indian Standards http:// www.bis.org.inDepartment of Chemicals & Petrochemicals http://chemicals.nic.inMinistry of Civil Aviation http://civilaviation.nic.inDepartment of Commerce http://commerce.nic.inMinistry of Coal http://coal.nic.inMinistry of Company Affairs http://dca.nic.inDepartment of Education http://education.nic.inMinistry of Environment and Forests http://envfor.nic.inDepartment of Explosives http://explosives.nic.inMinistry of External Affairs http://www.meanindia.nic.inMinistry of Finance http://finmin.nic.inDirectorate General of Foreign Trade http://dgft.delhi.nic.inDepartment of Heavy Industries http://dhi.nic.inDepartment of Industrial Policy & Promotion http://dipp.nic.inMinistry of Information and Broadcasting http://mib.nic.inDepartment of Information Technology http://www.mit.gov.inMinistry of Labour http://labour.nic.inMinistry of Mines http://mines.nic.inMinistry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources http://mnes.nic.inOffice of The Controller General Of Patents http://patentoffice.nic.inMinistry of Petroleum And Natural Gas http://petroleum.nic.inMinistry of Power http://powermin.nic.inMinistry of Railways http://www.indianrailways.gov.inReserve Bank of India http://www.rbi.org.inDepartment of Road Transport & Highways http://morth.nic.inDepartment of Shipping http://shipping.nic.inMinistry of Small Scale Industries http://ssi.nic.inMinistry of Statistics and Programme Implementation http://mospi.nic.inDepartment of Telecommunication http://www.dotindia.comMinistry of Textile http://texmin.nic.inMinistry of Tourism http://tourismofindia.comMinistry of Urban Development http://urbanindia.nic.inMinistry of Water Resource http://wrmin.nic.in

OTHER IMPORTANT MATTERS

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Website Addresses of States/Union Territories

Andaman & Nicobar (UT) http://andaman.nic.inAndhra Pradesh http://www.aponline.gov.inAssam http://assamgovt.nic.inBihar http://bihar.nic.inChandigarh(UT) http://chandigarh.nic.inChhattisgarh http://chattisgarh.nic.inDadra & Nagar Haveli http://odic.nic.inDaman & Diu http://daman.nic.inDelhi http://delhigovt.nic.inGoa http://goagovt.nic.inGujarat http://www.gujratindia.comHaryana http://haryana.nic.inHimachal Pradesh http://himachal.nic.inJammu & Kashmir http://jammukashmir.nic.inJharkhand http://jharkhand.nic.inKarnataka http://www.karnataka.nic.inKerala http://www.kerala.gov.inLakshdweep(UT) http://lakshadweep.nic.inMadhya Prdesh http://www.mp.nic.inMaharashtra http://maharashtra.gov.inManipur http://manipur.nic.inMeghalaya http:// meghalaya.nic.inMizoram http://mizoram.nic.inNagaland http://nagaland.nic.inOrissa http://orissagov.nic.inPondicherry(UT) http://pondicherry.nic.inPunjab http://punjabgovt.nic.inRajasthan http://www.rajasthan.gov.inTripura http://tripura.nic.inUttar Pradesh http://upgov.nic.inUttranchal http://gov.ua.nic.inWest Bengal http://www.wbgov.comSikkim http://sikkimgov.nic.inTamil Nadu http://www.tn.gov.in

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MINISTRY OF OVERSEAS INDIAN AFFAIRS9th Floor, Akbar Bhawan, Chanakya Puri

New Delhi-110021Tel: +91 11 2419 7900 Fax: +91 11 2467 4140

Contact details of the Senior Officers of the Ministry1. Mr. Nirmal Singh

SecretaryMinistry of Overseas Indian AffairsTele: 24674143/24674144e-mail :[emailprotected]

2. Mr. Malay MishraJoint Secretary (Diaspora Services)Ministry of Overseas Indian AffairsTele: 26874240e-mail : [emailprotected]

3. Mr. G. GurucharanJoint Secretary (Financial Services)Ministry of Overseas Indian AffairsTele: 24676210e-mail : [emailprotected]

4. Mr. Jagadananda PandaProtector General of EmigrantsMinistry of Overseas Indian AffairsTele: 26874250e-mail: [emailprotected]

For further details about the book please contact

1. Ms. Sandhya ShuklaDirectorMinistry of Overseas Indian AffairsTele: 26874231, 24197918e-mail : [emailprotected]

2. Ms. Anupma AggarwalPartnerPeeyush Aggarwal & Co.Chartered AccountantsB-132 Anand Vihar, Delhi-110092Tele: 011 22164800, 22164700Fax: 91-11-22164800Mobile: +919312276731e-mail: [emailprotected]: www.indialiaison.com

CONTACT DETAILS

CONTACT DETAILS

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ANNEXURES

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Annexure-I

DETAILS OF SELECTED AGENCIES/ DEPARTMENTSINVOLVED WITH VARIOUS CLEARANCES/APPROVALS

AND THEIR WEB-SITES

Subject Matter Concerned Ministry/Department Website addressof Govt. of India

Industrial Entrepreneur Department of Industrial http://dipp.gov.inMemorandum for Policy & Promotiondelicensed industries

Approval for Industrial Department of http://dipp.gov.inLicense / carry-on-business Industrial PolicyLicense & Promotion

Approval for TechnologyTransfer:

(i) Automatic route Reserve Bank of India http://www.rbi.org.in (ii) Government Department of Industrial http://dipp.gov.inapproval (PAB) Policy & Promotion

Approval for financialcollaboration:(i) Automatic route Reserve Bank of India http://www.rbi.org.in(ii) Government approval Department of Economic Affairs http://finmin.nic.in(FIPB)

Approval of Industrial Park Department of Industrial http://dipp.gov.in(i) Automatic route Policy & Promotion(ii) Non-Automatic route(Empowered Committee)

Registration as a company Ministry of Company Affairs http://mca.gov.in& certificate of (Registrar of Companies)commencement of business

Matters relating to FDI Department of Industrial http://www.dipp.gov.inpolicy and its promotion Policy & Promotionand facilitation as alsopromotion and facilitationof investment byNon-Resident Indians (NRIs)

ANNEXURES

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Matters relating to Reserve Bank of India http://www.rbi.org.inForeign Exchange

Matters relating to Taxation Department of Revenue http://finmin.nic.in

Matters relating to Direct Central Board of Direct Taxes http://incometaxindia.gov.inTaxation

Matters relating to Excise Central Board of Excise http://www.cbec.gov.in& Customs & Custom

Matters relating to Ministry of Labour http://labour.nic.inIndustrial Relations

Import of Goods Directorate General of Foreign Trade http://dgft.delhi.nic.in

Matters relating to Ministry of Environment and Forests http://envfor.nic.inEnvironment & Forestclearance

Overseas investment by Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs www.moia.gov.inIndians

Allotment of land/shed in Departments Concerned of State Web site address ofindustrial areas, acquisition Governments the State/UT isof land, change in land use, given at 5.6 in this bookapproval of building plan,release of water connectionetc.

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Annexure-II

SECTOR SPECIFIC GUIDELINES FORFOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT

S. Sector/Activity FDI Cap / Entry RelevantNo. Equity Route Other conditions Press

Note issuedby D/o IPP

1. Airports-

a. Greenfield 100% Automatic Subject to sectoral PN 4 / 2006projects regulations notified by

Ministry of Civil Aviationwww.civilaviation.nic. in

b. Existing projects 100% FIPB Subject to sectoral PN 4 / 2006Beyond regulations notified74%. By Ministry of Civil Aviation

www.civilaviation.nic. in

2. Air Transport 49%- FDI; Automatic Subject to no direct or PN 4/2006Services 100%- for Indirect participation by

NRI foreign airlines.Investment Government Of India

Gazette Notificationdated 2.11.2004 issuedby Ministry Of Civil Aviationwww.civilaviation.nic. in

3. Alcohol 100% Automatic Subject to license by PN 4 / 2006Distillation & appropriate authorityBrewing

4. Asset 49% FIPB Where any individualReconstruction (only FDI) investment exceedsCompanies 10% of the equity,

provisions of Section3(3)(f) of Securitizationand Reconstruction ofFinancial Assets andEnforcement of SecurityInterest Act, 2002should be complied with.www.finmin.nic.in

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5. Atomic Minerals 74% FIPB Subject to guidelines issuedby Department of AtomicEnergy vide ResolutionNo. 8/1 (1 )/97-PSU/1422 dated 6.10.98.

6. Banking - Private 74% Subject to guidelines for PN 2 / 2004sector (FDI+FII) setting up branches /

subsidiaries of foreignbanks issued by RBI.www.rbi.org.in

7. Broadcasting

a. FM Radio FDI+FII FIPB Subject to guidelines PN 6 / 2005investments notified by Ministry ofup to 20% Information &Broadcasting

www.mib.nic.in

b. Cable network 49% FIPB Subject to Cable Television(FDI+FII) Network Rules (1994)

Notified by Ministry ofInformation & Broadcastingwww.mib.nic.in

c. Direct To Home 49% FIPB Subject to guidelines(FDI+FII) issued by Ministry ofwithin this limit Information & BroadcastingFDI Component www.mib.nic.innot to exceed20%

d. Setting up 49% FIPB Subject to Up-linking PN 1 / 2006hardware facilities (FDI+FII) Policy notified by Ministrysuch as up-linking, of Information &HUB, etc Broadcasting www.mib.nic.in

e. Up-linking a 26% FIPB Subject to guidelines issued PN 1 / 2006News & Current FDI+FII by Ministry of InformationAffairs TV & BroadcastingChannel www.mib.nic.in

f. Up-linking a 100% FIPB Subject to guidelines issued PN 1 / 2006Non-News & by Ministry of InformationCurrent Affairs & BroadcastingTV Channel www.mib.nic.in

8. Cigars & 100% FIPB Subject to industrial license PN 4 / 2006Cigarettes under the IndustriesManufacture (Development &

Regulation) Act, 1951

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91Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs

9. Coal & Lignite 100% Automatic Subject to provisions of PN 4 / 2006mining for captive Coal Mines (Nationalization)consumption by Act, 1973power projects, www.coal.nic.inand iron & steel,cementproduction andother eligibleactivitiespermitted underthe CoalMines(Nationalization)Act, 1973.

10. Coffee & 100% Automatic PN 4 / 2006Rubber processing& warehousing

11. Construction 100% Automatic Subject to conditions PN 2 / 2005Development notified vide Press Note 2 &projects, including (2005 Series) including: PN 2 / 2006housing, a. minimum capitalizationcommercial of US$ 10 million for whollypremises, resorts, owned subsidiaries and US$educational 5 million for joint venture.institutions, The Fund would haverecreational to be brought within sixfacilities, months of commencementcity and regional of business of the Company.level infrastructure, b. Minimum area to betownships. developed under each

project 10 hectares in caseof developmentof serviced housing plots;and built up area of 50,000sq. mts in case ofconstruction developmentproject; and any of theabove in case of acombination project.

[Note:For investment byNRIs, the conditionsmentioned in Press Note2/2005 are not applicable.]

ANNEXURES

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12. Courier services for 100% FIPB Subject to existing laws and PN 4 / 2001carrying packages, exclusion of activity relatingparcels and other to distribution of letters,items which do not which is exclusively reservedcome within the for the State.ambit of the Indian www.indiapost.gov.inPost Office Act,1898.

13. Defence 26% FIPB Subject to licensing under PN 4 / 2001production Industries (Development & &

Regulation) Act, 1951 and PN 2 / 2002guidelines on FDI inproduction of arms &ammunition.

14. Floriculture, 100% Automatic PN 4 / 2006Horticulture,Development ofSeeds, AnimalHusbandry,Pisciculture,aqua-culture,cultivation ofvegetables,mushrooms,undercontrolledconditions andservices related toagro and alliedsectors.

15. Hazardous 100% Automatic Subject to industrial license PN 4 / 2006Chemicals, viz., under the Industrieshydrocyanic acid (Development & Regulation)and its derivatives; Act, 1951 and other sectoralphosgene and its regulations.derivatives; andisocyanates anddiisocyantes ofhydrocarbon.

16. Industrial 100% Automatic Subject to industrial license PN 4 / 2006explosives- under Industries (DevelopmentManufacture & Regulation) Act, 1951 and

regulations under ExplosivesAct, 1898

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17. Insurance 26% Automatic Subject to licensing by the PN 10 / 2000Insurance Regulatory &Development Authoritywww.irda.nic.in .

18. Investing 49% FIPB Foreign investment in an PN 2 / 2000companies in investing company will not be &infrastructure counted towards sectoral cap PN 5 / 2005services sector in infrastructure /services(except telecom sector provided the investmentsector) is up to 49% and the

management of the companyis in Indian hands.

19. Mining covering 100% Automatic Subject to Mines & Minerals PN 2 / 2000exploration and (Development &Regulation) PN 3 / 2005mining of Act, 1957www.mines.nic.in &diamonds & Press Note 18 (1998) and PN 4 / 2006precious stones; Press Note 1 (2005) are notgold, silver and applicable for setting up 100%minerals. owned subsidiaries in so far

as the mining sector isconcerned, subject to adeclaration from theapplicant that he has noexisting joint venture for thesame area and / or theparticular mineral.

20. Non Banking Finance Companies- approved activities

i) Merchant banking 100% Automatic Subject to: PN 2/2000ii) Underwriting a. minimum PN 6/2000 &iii) Portfolio capitalization norms for PN 2/2001

Management fund based NBFCs -Services US$ 0.5 million to be

iv) Investment brought upfront for FDIAdvisory Services up to 51 %; US$ 5 million

v) Financial to be brought upfront forConsultancy FDI above 51 %

vi) Stock Broking and up to 75%; andvii) Asset US$ 50 million out of

Management which US$ 7.5 million toviii) Venture Capital be brought upfront andix) Custodial Services the balance in 24 monthsx) Factoring for FDI beyond 75%xi) Credit Reference and up to 100%.

ANNEXURES

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Agencies b. minimumxii) Credit Rating capitalization norms

Agencies for non-fund basedxiii) Leasing & NBFC activities- US$

Finance 0.5 million.xiv) Housing Finance c. foreign investors canxv) Forex Broking set up 100% operatingxvi) Credit Card subsidiaries without

Business the condition to disinvestxvii) Money changing a minimum of 25% of its

Business equity to Indian entitiesxviii) Micro credit subject to bringing inxix) Rural credit. US$ 50 million without

any restriction on numberof operating subsidiarieswithout bringingadditional capital.d. joint venture operatingNBFC's that have 75% orless than 75% foreigninvestment will also beallowed to set upsubsidiaries forundertaking other NBFCactivities subject tosubsidiaries alsocomplying with theapplicable minimumcapital inflow.

e. compliance with theguidelines of the RBI.

21. Petroleum & Natural Gas sector

a. Other than 100% Automatic Subject to sectoral regulations PN 1/2004Refining and issued by Ministry of &including market Petroleum & Natural Gas; PN 4/2006study and and in the case of actualformulation; trading and marketing ofinvestment petroleum products,financing; setting divestment of 26% equity inup infrastructure favour of Indian partner/for marketing in public within 5 years.Petroleum & www.petroleum.nic.inNatural Gassector.

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95Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs

b. Refining 26% in case FIPB Subject to sectoral policy PN 2/2000of PSUs (in case www.petroleum.nic.in 100% of PSUs)case Private Automaticcompanies (in case of

privatecompanies)

22. Print Media

a. Publishing of 26% FIPB Subject to guidelines notifiednewspaper and by Ministry of Informationperiodicals & Broadcasting.dealing with news www.mib.nic.inand current affairs

b. Publishing of 100% FIPB Subject to guidelines issued PN 1 / 2004scientific by Ministry of Informationmagazines / & Broadcasting.specialty www.mib.nic.injournals/periodicals

23. Power including 100% Automatic Subject to provisions of the PN 2 / 1998generation (except Electricity Act. 2003 PN 7 / 2000Atomic energy); www.powermin.nic.in &transmission, PN 4 / 2006distribution andPower Trading.

24. Tea Sector. 100% FIPB Subject to divestment of 26% PN 6 / 2002Including tea equity in favour of Indianplantation partner/Indian public within

5 years and prior approval ofState Government for changein land use.

25. Telecommunication

a. Basic and cellular, 74%(Including Automatic Subject to guidelines PN 5 / 2005Unified Access FDI, FlI, NRI, Up to 49% notified in the PN 5Services, National/ FCCBs, ADRs, (2005 Series).international GDRs, FIPBLong Distance, convertible BeyondV-Sat, Public preference 49%Mobile Radio shares, andTrunked Services proportionate(PMRTS), Global foreign equity

ANNEXURES

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Mobile Personal in IndianCommunications promoters/Services (GMPCS) Investingand other value Company)added telecomServices

b. ISP with 74% Automatic Subject to licensing and PN 4 / 2001gateways, radio- up to 49% security requirementspaging, end to end notified by the Departmentbandwidth. FIPB of Telecommunications

Beyond www.dotindia.com49%

c. ISP without 100% Automatic Subject to the condition PN 9 / 2000gateway, up to 49% that such companies shallinfrastructure divest 26% of their equity inprovider FIPB favour of Indian public inproviding dark Beyond 5 years, if these companiesfibre, electronic 49% are listed in other parts of themail and voice world. Also subject tomail licensing and security

requirements, where required.www.dotindia.com

d. Manufacture of 100% Automatic Subject to sectoral PN 2 / 2000telecom requirements.equipments www.dotindia.com

26. Trading

a. Wholesale / 100% Automatic Subject to guidelines for PN 4 / 2006cash & carry FDI in trading issued bytrading Department of Industrial

Policy & Promotion videPress Note 3 (2006Series).

b. Trading for 100% Automaticexports

c. Trading of items 100% FIPBsourced fromsmall scale sector

d. Test marketing of 100% FIPBsuch items forwhich a companyhas approval formanufacture

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97Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs

e. Single Brand 51% FIPBProductretailing

27. Satellites 74% FIPB Subject to sectoral guidelinesEstablishment issued by Department ofAnd operation Space /ISRO

www.isro.org

28. Special Economic 100% Automatic Subject to Special Economic PN 9 / 2000Zones And Free Zones Act, 2005 and the PN 2 /2006Trade Warehousing Foreign Trade Policy. PN 4 / 2006Zones covering www.sezindia.nic.insetting up ofthese Zones andsetting up unitsin the Zones

ANNEXURES

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Annexure-III

ILLUSTRATIVE LIST OF SECTORS UNDER AUTOMATIC ROUTEFOR FDI UPTO 100%

· Most manufacturing activities

· Non-banking financial services

· Drugs and pharmaceuticals

· Food processing

· Electronic hardware

· Software development

· Film industry

· Advertising

· Hospitals

· Private oil refineries

· Pollution control and management

· Exploration and mining of minerals other than diamonds and precious stones

· Management consultancy

· Venture capital funds/companies

· Setting up/development of industrial park/model town/SEZ

· Petroleum Products Pipeline

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Annexure-IV

ILLUSTRATIVE LIST OF INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS WITH FDIUPTO 100% UNDER AUTOMATIC ROUTE

· Electricity Generation (except Atomic energy)

· Electricity Transmission

· Electricity Distribution

· Mass Rapid Transport System

· Roads & Highways

· Toll Roads

· Vehicular Bridges

· Ports & Harbours

· Hotel & Tourism

· Townships, Housing, Built-up Infrastructure and Construction Development Project

ANNEXURES

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Annexure-V

ILLUSTRATIVE LIST OF SERVICES SECTOR WITH FDI UPTO 100%

UNDER AUTOMATIC ROUTE

· Advertising and Films

· Computer related Services

· Research and Development Services

· Construction and related Engineering Services

· Pollution Control and Management Services

· Urban Planning and Landscape Services

· Architectural Services

· Health related & Social Services

· Travel related services

· Road Transport Services

· Maritime Transport Services

· Internal Waterways Transport Services

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Annexure-VI

INDUSTRIAL LICENSING

At present industrial license for manufacturing is required only for the following :

i. Industries retained under compulsory licensing,

ii. Manufacture of items reserved for small scale sector by non-SSI units; and

iii. When the proposed location attracts locational restriction

INDUSTRIES REQUIRING COMPULSORY LICENSING

The following industries require compulsory industrial license :

i. Distillation and brewing of alcoholic drinks.

ii. Cigars and cigarettes of tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes;

iii. Electronic Aerospace and defence equipment: all types;

iv. Industrial explosives, including detonating fuses, safety fuses, gun powder, nitrocellulose and matches;

v. Hazardous chemicals;

a. Hydrocyanic acid and its derivatives

b. Phosgene and its derivatives

c. Isocyanates and di-isocyanates of hydrocarbon, not elsewhere specified (example: Methyl Isocyanate).

ANNEXURES

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Annexure-VII

EXTRACTS FROM MASTER CIRCULAR ON FOREIGNINVESTMENTS IN INDIA

1. Acquisition and Transfer of Immovable Property in India.

1.1 A person resident outside India who is a citizen of India (NRI) can acquire by way of purchase anyimmovable property in India other than agricultural/ plantation /farm house. He may transfer any immovableproperty other than agricultural or plantation property or farm house to a person resident outside India whois a citizen of India or to a person of Indian origin resident outside India or a person resident in India . Hemay transfer, agricultural land/ plantation property/ farm house only to Indian citizens permanently residingin India.

1.2. A person resident outside India who is a person of Indian Origin ( PIO) can acquire any immovableproperty in India other than agricultural land/ farm house/ plantation property :-

a) By way of purchase out of funds received by way of inward remittance through normal banking channelsor by debit to his NRE/FCNR(B)/NRO account.

b) By way of gift from a person resident in India or a NRI or a PIO.

c) By way of inheritance from a person resident in India or a person resident outside India who hadacquired such property in accordance with the provisions of the foreign exchange law in force or FEMAregulations at the time of acquisition of the property.

1.3 A PIO may transfer any immoveable property other than agricultural land/Plantation property/farmhousein India

a) By way of sale to a person resident in India.

b) By way of gift to a person resident in India or a Non Resident Indian or a PIO..

1.4 A PIO may transfer agricultural Land/ Plantation property /farmhouse in India by way of sale or gift toperson resident in India who is a citizen of India

2. Purchase/ Sale of Immovable Property by Foreign Embassies/ Diplomats/Consulate General

Foreign Embassy/Consulate as well as Diplomatic personnel in India are allowed to purchase/ sell immovableproperty in India other than agricultural land/ plantation property / farm house provided (i) clearance fromGovernment of India, Ministry of External Affairs is obtained for such purchase/ sale, and (ii) the considerationfor acquisition of immovable property in India is paid out of funds remitted from abroad through bankingchannel.

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103Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs

3. Acquisition of Immovable Property for carrying on a permitted activity

A person resident outside India who has a branch, office or other place of business, (excluding a liaisonoffice) for carrying on his business activity with requisite approvals, in India may acquire an immovableproperty in India which is necessary for or incidental to carrying on such activity provided that all applicablelaws, rules, regulations or directions for the time being in force are duly complied with. The entity/concernedperson is required to file a declaration in the form IPI with the Reserve Bank, within ninety days from thedate of such acquisition. The non-resident is eligible to transfer by way of mortgage the said immovableproperty to an authorised dealer as a security for any borrowing.

4. Repatriation of sale proceeds

In the event of sale of immovable property other than agricultural land/ farm house/ plantation property inIndia by NRI/PIO, the authorised dealer will allow repatriation of sale proceeds outside India provided;

i) The immovable property was acquired by the seller in accordance with the provisions of the foreignexchange law in force at the time of acquisition by him or the provisions of FEMA Regulations;

ii) The amount to be repatriated does not exceed (a) the amount paid for acquisition of the immovableproperty in foreign exchange received through normal banking channels or out of funds held in ForeignCurrency Non-Resident Account or (b) the foreign currency equivalent as on the date of payment, ofthe amount paid where such payment was made from the funds held in Non-Resident External accountfor acquisition of the property.

iii) In the case of residential property, the repatriation of sale proceeds is restricted to not more than twosuch properties.

iv) In the case of sale of immovable property purchased out of Rupee funds, ADs may allow the facility ofrepatriation of funds out of balances held by NRIs/PIO in their Non-resident Rupee( NRO) accountsupto US$ 1 mio per calendar year subject to production of undertaking by the remitter and a certificatefrom the Chartered Accountant in the formats prescribed by the CBDT.

5. Prohibition on acquisition or transfer of immovable property in India bycitizens of certain countries

5.1 No person being a citizen of Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, China, Iran, Nepal or Bhutanshall acquire or transfer immovable property in India, other than lease, not exceeding five years without priorpermission of Reserve Bank.

5.2 Foreign national of non-Indian origin resident outside India are not permitted to acquire any immovableproperty in India unless such property is acquired by way of inheritance from a person who was resident inIndia.

5.3 Foreign Nationals of non Indian origin who have acquired immovable property in India with the specificapproval of the Reserve Bank cannot transfer such property without prior permission of the Reserve Bank.

ANNEXURES

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Annexure-VIII

EXTRACTS FROM THE MASTER CIRCULAR - Remittance facilities forNon-Resident Indians/Persons of Indian Origin/Foreign Nationals

Remittance facilities for NRIs/PIO and Foreign Nationals

The guidelines for transfer of assets outside India by a person whether resident in India or not are given in theNotifications No. FEMA 13/2000-RB and FEMA 21/2000-RB both dated May 3, 2000 and the amendmentsissued thereto from time to time.

According to the above Notifications, remittance of capital assets in India held by a person whether residentin or outside India would require approval of the Reserve Bank except to the extent provided in the Act orRules or Regulations made under the Act.

1. Remittance of assets by a foreign national of non-Indian origin

1.1 A foreign national of non-Indian origin who has retired from an employment in India or who has inheritedassets from a person resident in India or who is a widow of an Indian citizen resident in India may remit anamount not exceeding USD one million, per calendar year, on production of documentary evidence in supportof acquisition/ inheritance of assets, an undertaking by the remitter and certificate by a Chartered Accountantin the formats prescribed by the Central Board of Direct Taxes vide their Circular No.10/2002 dated October9, 2002.

1.2 These remittance facilities are not available to a citizen of Nepal and Bhutan.

1.3 The remittance facility in respect of sale proceeds of immovable property is not available to a citizen ofPakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, China, Afghanistan, Iran, Nepal and Bhutan.

2. Remittance of assets by NRI/PIO

2.1 A Non-Resident Indian (NRI) or a Person of Indian Origin (PIO) may remit an amount upto USD onemillion, per calendar year, out of the balances held in his Non-Resident (Ordinary) Rupee (NRO) account/sale proceeds of assets (inclusive of assets acquired by way of inheritance or settlement), for all bonafidepurposes, to the satisfaction of the authorized dealer, on production of an undertaking by the remitter andcertificate by a Chartered Accountant in the formats prescribed by the Central Board of Direct Taxes videtheir Circular No.10/2002 dated October 9, 2002.

2.2 NRI/PIO may remit sale proceeds of immovable property purchased by him out of Rupee funds or asa person resident in India as indicated in para 2.1 above.

2.3 In respect of remittance of sale proceeds of assets acquired by way of inheritance or legacy or settlementfor which there is no lock-in period, NRI/PIO may submit documentary evidence in support of inheritance

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105Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs

or legacy of assets, an undertaking by the remitter and certificate by a Chartered Accountant in the formatsprescribed by the Central Board of Direct Taxes vide their Circular No.10/2002 dated October 9, 2002.

2.4 It is clarified that settlement is also a mode of inheritance from the parent, the only difference beingthat the property under the settlement passes to the beneficiary on the death of the owner/parent withoutany legal procedures/hassles and helps in avoiding delay and inconvenience in applying for probate, etc

2.5 The remittance facility in respect of sale proceeds of immovable property is not available to a citizen ofPakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, China, Afghanistan, Iran, Nepal and Bhutan.

3. Repatriation of sale proceeds of residential property purchased by NRIs/PIOsout of foreign exchange

3.1 There is no lock-in period for sale of residential property purchased by NRI/PIO out of foreign exchange.However, repatriation of sale proceeds of residential property purchased by NRI/PIO out of foreign exchangeis restricted to not more than two such properties.

3.2 Authorized dealers may permit repatriation of amounts representing the refund of application/earnestmoney/purchase consideration made by the house building agencies/seller on account of non-allotment offlat/plot/cancellation of bookings/deals for purchase of residential/ commercial property, together withinterest, if any (net of income tax payable thereon), provided the original payment was made out of NRE/FCNR account of the account holder, or remittance from outside India through normal banking channelsand the authorized dealer is satisfied about the genuineness of the transaction. Such funds may also becredited to the NRE/FCNR account of the NRIs/PIOs, if they so desire.

3.3 Authorized dealers may allow repatriation of sale proceeds of residential accommodation purchased byNRIs/PIOs out of funds raised by them by way of loans from the authorized dealers/housing financeinstitutions to the extent of such loan/s repaid by them out of foreign inward remittances received throughnormal banking channel or by debit to their NRE/FCNR accounts.

4. Remittance of current income

4.1 Remittance of current income like rent, dividend, pension, interest etc. of NRIs/PIOs who do notmaintain NRO Account is freely allowed, on the basis of appropriate certification by a Chartered Accountantcertifying that the amount proposed to be remitted is eligible for remittance and that applicable taxes havebeen paid/provided for.

4.2 NRIs/PIOs have the option to credit the current income to their Non-Resident (External) Rupeeaccount, provided the authorized dealer is satisfied that the credit represents current income of the non-resident account holder and income tax thereon has been deducted/provided for.

5. Facilities for students

5.1 Students going abroad for studies are treated as Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) and are eligible for all thefacilities available to NRIs under FEMA.

ANNEXURES

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5.2 As Non-Residents, they will be eligible to receive remittances from India (i) upto USD 100,000 fromclose relatives in India on self declaration towards maintenance, which could include remittances towardstheir studies also and (ii) upto USD 1 million out of sale proceeds of assets/balances in their accountmaintained with an AD in India.

5.3 All other facilities available to NRIs under FEMA are equally applicable to the students.

5.4 Educational and other loans availed of by them as residents in India will continue to be available as perFEMA regulations.

6. Income- tax clearance

The remittances will be allowed to be made by the authorized dealers on production of an undertaking by theremitter and a Certificate from a Chartered Accountant in the formats prescribed by the Central Board ofDirect Taxes, Ministry of Finance, Government of India in their Circular No.10/2002 dated October 9,2002. [cf. our AP(DIR Series) Circular No.56 dated November 26, 2002].

7. International Credit Cards

Authorized dealers have been permitted to issue International Credit Cards to NRIs/PIOs, without priorapproval of RBI. Such transactions may be settled by inward remittance or out of balances held in thecardholder's FCNR/NRE/Non-Resident (Ordinary) Rupee accounts.

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FEEDBACK FORM

Kindly give us your feedback on the document as this will help us in making the revised edition of this bookmore valuable. We will be obliged if any mistake, error or discrepancy is brought to our notice for carryingout necessary corrections and modifications.

SUGGESTIONS

Please mail/fax/e-mail your suggestions to:

Ms. Sandhya ShuklaDirectorMinistry of Overseas Indian AffairsTel.: 26874231, 24197918E-Mail: [emailprotected]

Ms. Anupma AggarwalPartnerPeeyush Aggarwal & Co.Chartered AccountantsB-132, Anand ViharDelhi-110 092, IndiaTel: 91-11-22164700, 22164800Fax: 91-11-22164800Mobile: 91-9312276731E-Mail: [emailprotected]: www.indialiaison.com

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